Suparshva, Supārśva, Su-parshva: 19 definitions


Suparshva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Supārśva can be transliterated into English as Suparsva or Suparshva, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Suparshva in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Supārśva (सुपार्श्व):—Son of Dṛḍhanemi (son of Satyadhṛti). He had a son called Sumati. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.27-29)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) is the name of a mountain on the eastern side of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being. On the peak of mount Supārśva stands a Aśvatta tree hosting various devas, asuras and apsaras. The lake in this direction is called Mahābhadra around which are situated eleven mountains.

2) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) is the name of a sage, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 95. He had a son named Sindhudvīpa.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—A Kṣatriya King, who was the rebirth of the Asura, Kapaṭa. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verse 28).

2) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—A King born in Yayāti’s dynasty. He was the son of Dṛḍhanemi and father of Sumati. Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha).

3) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—A Rākṣasa, brother of Prahasta, a minister of Rāvaṇa. (See under Akampana).

4) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—A son of Sampāti. It was this son who looked after the aged and weak Sampāti. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Kiṣkindhā Kāṇḍa, Canto 59, Verse 8).

5) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—A mountain in Jambū Island. On the high peak of the mountain there is a tree called Mahākadamba from the hollows of which five great rivers take their source. These rivers fall on the peak of Supārśva and flow by the western side of Ilāvṛtta. The air in an area of a hundred yojanas is fragrant as it is mixed with the fragrance emanating from the mouths of Devas who drink the water from the above five rivers. (Devī Bhāgavata, 8th Skandha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—Mt. on one side of Meru; five currents of honey produced by the celestial Kadamba tree flow down from its tops; on the north Ilāvṛta;1 a Viṣkambha hill round Meru;2 sacred to Nārāyaṇī.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 11 & 22; Vāyu-purāṇa 35. 16; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 18.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 83. 23; 113. 45.
  • 3) Ib. 13. 36.

1b) A son of Dhṛta(ḍha)nemi, and father of Sumati.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 27; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 49.

1c) The father of Kāśyā, wife of Sāmba.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 47. 24.

1d) A son of Rukmaratha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 73; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 188.

1e) A son of Kāśma.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 252.

1f) Son of Śrutāyu and Sṛñjaya.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 5. 31.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.27.7) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Supārśva) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Suparshva in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda

Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.

Supārśva is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

Source: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) is the name of a Gandharva appointed as one of the Divine protector deities of Śroṇa, according to chapter 17 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—In the Candragarbhasūtra, the Bhagavat invites all classes of Gods and Deities to protect the Law [dharma?] and the faithful in their respective kingdoms of Jambudvīpa [e.g., the Gandharva Supārśva in Śroṇa], resembling the time of the past Buddhas.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) is the name of a Pratyekabuddha mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Supārśva).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Suparshva in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Supārśva (सुपार्श्व):—The seventh Tīrthaṅkara (Janism recognizes 24 such teachers or Siddhas). He is also known as Supārśvanātha. His colour is green (harita), according to Aparājitapṛcchā (221.5-7). His height is 200 dhanuṣa (a single dhanuṣa (or, ‘bow’) equals 6 ft), thus, roughly corresponding to 366 meters. His emblem, or symbol, is a Svastika.

Supārśva’s father is Pratiṣṭha according to Śvetāmbara but Supratiṣṭha according to Digambara and his mother is Pṛthvī. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) refers to the seventh of the twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras praised in the first book (ādīśvara-caritra) [chapter 1] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “[...] we worship the Arhats, who at all times and all places purify the people of the three worlds by their name, representation, substance, and actual existence. [...] Homage to the Lord of Jinas, Holy Supārśva, whose feet are honoured by Mahendra (Śakra), the sun to the sky in the form of the fourfold congregation”.

Supārśva is the son of Pratiṣṭha and Pṛthvī, according to chapter 1.6, “[...] In Bharata there will be twenty-three other Arhats and eleven other Cakrins. [...] In Vārāṇasī, Supārśva, the son of Pratiṣṭha and Pṛthvī, gold-color, living for twenty lacs of pūrvas, two hundred bows tall, will be in the vow for a lac of pūrvas less twenty aṅgas, and the interval will be nine thousand crores of sāgaropamas”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Suparshva in Biology glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Suparshva [सुपार्श्व] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Thespesia populnea Thespesia populnea (L.) Sol. ex Corrêa from the Malvaceae (Mallow) family having the following synonyms: Hibiscus populneus, Abelmoschus acuminatus, Hibiscus blumei. For the possible medicinal usage of suparshva, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Suparsva in India is the name of a plant defined with Ficus infectoria in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices.

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Phil. J. Sci. (1912)
· Hortus Bengalensis (1814)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Suparsva, for example extract dosage, diet and recipes, chemical composition, health benefits, side effects, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Suparshva in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—

1) the waved-leaf fig-tree (plakṣa).

2) Name of the son of Sampāti, elder brother of Jaṭāyu.

Derivable forms: supārśvaḥ (सुपार्श्वः).

Supārśva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and pārśva (पार्श्व).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—name of a former Buddha: Mahāvastu i.136.14.

--- OR ---

Supārśvā (सुपार्श्वा).—name of a crow-queen, consort of Supātra (1), q.v.; in Pali called Suphassā = Susparśā: Mahāvastu iii.125.16 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—m.

(-rśvaḥ) 1. The seventh Jina or Jaina deified teacher of the present era. 2. The waved-leaf fig-tree: see plakṣa . E. su good, pārśva side.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व):—[=su-pārśva] [from su > su-pakva] mf(ā)n. having beautiful sides, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a beaut° side, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] Ficus Infectoria, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Hibiscus Pupulneoides, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a Rākṣasa, [Rāmāyaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] of a fabulous bird (son of Sampāti), [ib.]

7) [v.s. ...] of a son of Rukma-ratha, [Harivaṃśa]

8) [v.s. ...] of a son of Śrutāyu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] of a son of Dṛḍha-nemi, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] of the 7th Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] of a mountain, [Mahābhārata; Purāṇa] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Supārśva (सुपार्श्व):—[su-pārśva] (rśvaḥ) 1. m. The 7th Jina of the present era.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sapāsa, Supāsā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Suparshva in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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