Suparshva, Supārśva, Su-parshva: 15 definitions
Suparshva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Supārśva can be transliterated into English as Suparsva or Suparshva, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
Supārśva (सुपार्श्व):—Son of Dṛḍhanemi (son of Satyadhṛti). He had a son called Sumati. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.27-29)Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
1) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) is the name of a mountain on the eastern side of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being. On the peak of mount Supārśva stands a Aśvatta tree hosting various devas, asuras and apsaras. The lake in this direction is called Mahābhadra around which are situated eleven mountains.
2) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) is the name of a sage, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 95. He had a son named Sindhudvīpa.
The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—A Kṣatriya King, who was the rebirth of the Asura, Kapaṭa. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verse 28).
2) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—A King born in Yayāti’s dynasty. He was the son of Dṛḍhanemi and father of Sumati. Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha).
3) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—A Rākṣasa, brother of Prahasta, a minister of Rāvaṇa. (See under Akampana).
4) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—A son of Sampāti. It was this son who looked after the aged and weak Sampāti. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Kiṣkindhā Kāṇḍa, Canto 59, Verse 8).
5) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—A mountain in Jambū Island. On the high peak of the mountain there is a tree called Mahākadamba from the hollows of which five great rivers take their source. These rivers fall on the peak of Supārśva and flow by the western side of Ilāvṛtta. The air in an area of a hundred yojanas is fragrant as it is mixed with the fragrance emanating from the mouths of Devas who drink the water from the above five rivers. (Devī Bhāgavata, 8th Skandha).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—Mt. on one side of Meru; five currents of honey produced by the celestial Kadamba tree flow down from its tops; on the north Ilāvṛta;1 a Viṣkambha hill round Meru;2 sacred to Nārāyaṇī.3
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 11 & 22; Vāyu-purāṇa 35. 16; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 18.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa 83. 23; 113. 45.
- 3) Ib. 13. 36.
1b) A son of Dhṛta(ḍha)nemi, and father of Sumati.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 27; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 49.
1c) The father of Kāśyā, wife of Sāmba.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 47. 24.
1d) A son of Rukmaratha.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 73; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 188.
1e) A son of Kāśma.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 252.
1f) Son of Śrutāyu and Sṛñjaya.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 5. 31.
Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.27.7) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Supārśva) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda
Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.
Supārśva is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) is the name of a Pratyekabuddha mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Supārśva).
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Supārśva (सुपार्श्व):—The seventh Tīrthaṅkara (Janism recognizes 24 such teachers or Siddhas). He is also known as Supārśvanātha. His colour is green (harita), according to Aparājitapṛcchā (221.5-7). His height is 200 dhanuṣa (a single dhanuṣa (or, ‘bow’) equals 6 ft), thus, roughly corresponding to 366 meters. His emblem, or symbol, is a Svastika.
Supārśva’s father is Pratiṣṭha according to Śvetāmbara but Supratiṣṭha according to Digambara and his mother is Pṛthvī. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) refers to the seventh of the twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras praised in the first book (ādīśvara-caritra) [chapter 1] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly, “[...] we worship the Arhats, who at all times and all places purify the people of the three worlds by their name, representation, substance, and actual existence. [...] Homage to the Lord of Jinas, Holy Supārśva, whose feet are honoured by Mahendra (Śakra), the sun to the sky in the form of the fourfold congregation”.
Supārśva is the son of Pratiṣṭha and Pṛthvī, according to chapter 1.6, “[...] In Bharata there will be twenty-three other Arhats and eleven other Cakrins. [...] In Vārāṇasī, Supārśva, the son of Pratiṣṭha and Pṛthvī, gold-color, living for twenty lacs of pūrvas, two hundred bows tall, will be in the vow for a lac of pūrvas less twenty aṅgas, and the interval will be nine thousand crores of sāgaropamas”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) the waved-leaf fig-tree (plakṣa).
2) Name of the son of Sampāti, elder brother of Jaṭāyu.
Derivable forms: supārśvaḥ (सुपार्श्वः).
Supārśva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and pārśva (पार्श्व).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—name of a former Buddha: Mahāvastu i.136.14.
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Supārśvā (सुपार्श्वा).—name of a crow-queen, consort of Supātra (1), q.v.; in Pali called Suphassā = Susparśā: Mahāvastu iii.125.16 ff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-rśvaḥ) 1. The seventh Jina or Jaina deified teacher of the present era. 2. The waved-leaf fig-tree: see plakṣa . E. su good, pārśva side.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व):—[=su-pārśva] [from su > su-pakva] mf(ā)n. having beautiful sides, [Mahābhārata]
2) [v.s. ...] m. a beaut° side, [ib.]
3) [v.s. ...] Ficus Infectoria, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] Hibiscus Pupulneoides, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] Name of a Rākṣasa, [Rāmāyaṇa]
6) [v.s. ...] of a fabulous bird (son of Sampāti), [ib.]
7) [v.s. ...] of a son of Rukma-ratha, [Harivaṃśa]
8) [v.s. ...] of a son of Śrutāyu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
9) [v.s. ...] of a son of Dṛḍha-nemi, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
10) [v.s. ...] of the 7th Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) [v.s. ...] of a mountain, [Mahābhārata; Purāṇa] etc.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Supārśva (सुपार्श्व):—[su-pārśva] (rśvaḥ) 1. m. The 7th Jina of the present era.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Supārśva (सुपार्श्व):—1. m. n. eine schöne Seite, - Rippengegend: kaṭyāṃ supārśve [Mahābhārata 2, 907.]
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1) adj. (f. ā) schöne Seiten, - Seitentheile habend: dhanus [Mahābhārata 4, 1326.] gadā [5, 2041.] —
2) m. a) Ficus infectoria [Rājanirghaṇṭa 11, 125.] [DHANV. 5, 43.] — b) Nomen proprium α) verschiedener Männer [Harivaṃśa 9204.] ein Fürst [Mahābhārata 1, 2665. 5, 77.] ein Sohn des Rukmaratha [Harivaṃśa 1079.] des Śrutāyu [Viṣṇupurāṇa 390.] des Dṛḍhanemi [453.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 21, 27. fg.] Nomen proprium des 7ten Arhant's der gegenwärtigen Avasarpiṇī [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 27.] — β) eines Rākṣasa [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 69, 14. 7, 5, 39. 6, 93, 58] (ed. Bomb.). — γ) eines mythischen Vogels, Sohnes des Saṃpāti, [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 61, 34. 50.] — δ) eines Berges [Mahābhārata.2,1081.] [GOLĀDHY.] [BHUVANAK. 32.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 168.] [Oxforder Handschriften 39,b,9.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 54,20. fg. 56,16.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5,16,12. 23.] [PAÑCAR. 1,10,47.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+42): Dridhanemi, Pratishtha, Suparshvoru, Sumati, Kashma, Sannatiman, Subhasha, Meru, Vishkambhaparvata, Kapinjala, Merumandara, Indrashaila, Meghashaila, Vrishahamsa, Kanakashringa, Jaruji, Hamsakuta, Pushkara, Vaibhrajaka, Sanjaya.
Search found 21 books and stories containing Suparshva, Su-parshva, Su-pārśva, Su-parsva, Supārśva, Suparsva, Supārśvā; (plurals include: Suparshvas, parshvas, pārśvas, parsvas, Supārśvas, Suparsvas, Supārśvās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The Ramayana of Valmiki (by Hari Prasad Shastri)
Chapter 59 - He encourages them to pursue their Quest < [Book 4 - Kishkindha-kanda]
Chapter 5 - The Story of the three Sons of Sukesha < [Book 7 - Uttara-kanda]
Chapter 90 - Indrajita loses his Charioteer, Chariot and Horses < [Book 6 - Yuddha-kanda]
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Chapter XI - The Jātaka of the Crow (kāka) < [Volume III]
Chapter XV - The eighth Bhūmi < [Volume I]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 12: Supārśva’s mokṣa (emancipation) < [Chapter V - Supārśvanāthacaritra]
Part 9: Future Arhats < [Chapter XIII - Śrī Mahāvīra’s nirvāṇa]
Part 7: Supārśva’s omniscience < [Chapter V - Supārśvanāthacaritra]
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CXXXVIII - Genealogy of royal princes (solar race) < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
Chapter CXL - Description of the race of puru < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]