Suparshva, aka: Supārśva, Su-parshva; 8 Definition(s)
Suparshva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Supārśva can be transliterated into English as Suparsva or Suparshva, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Supārśva (सुपार्श्व):—Son of Dṛḍhanemi (son of Satyadhṛti). He had a son called Sumati. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.27-29)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
1) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) is the name of a mountain on the eastern side of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being. On the peak of mount Supārśva stands a Aśvatta tree hosting various devas, asuras and apsaras. The lake in this direction is called Mahābhadra around which are situated eleven mountains.
2) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) is the name of a sage, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 95. He had a son named Sindhudvīpa.
The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
1) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—A Kṣatriya King, who was the rebirth of the Asura, Kapaṭa. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verse 28).
2) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—A King born in Yayāti’s dynasty. He was the son of Dṛḍhanemi and father of Sumati. Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha).
3) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—A Rākṣasa, brother of Prahasta, a minister of Rāvaṇa. (See under Akampana).
4) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—A son of Sampāti. It was this son who looked after the aged and weak Sampāti. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Kiṣkindhā Kāṇḍa, Canto 59, Verse 8).
5) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—A mountain in Jambū Island. On the high peak of the mountain there is a tree called Mahākadamba from the hollows of which five great rivers take their source. These rivers fall on the peak of Supārśva and flow by the western side of Ilāvṛtta. The air in an area of a hundred yojanas is fragrant as it is mixed with the fragrance emanating from the mouths of Devas who drink the water from the above five rivers. (Devī Bhāgavata, 8th Skandha).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—Mt. on one side of Meru; five currents of honey produced by the celestial Kadamba tree flow down from its tops; on the north Ilāvṛta;1 a Viṣkambha hill round Meru;2 sacred to Nārāyaṇī.3
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 11 & 22; Vāyu-purāṇa 35. 16; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 18.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa 83. 23; 113. 45.
- 3) Ib. 13. 36.
1b) A son of Dhṛta(ḍha)nemi, and father of Sumati.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 27; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 49.
1c) The father of Kāśyā, wife of Sāmba.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 47. 24.
1d) A son of Rukmaratha.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 73; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 188.
1e) A son of Kāśma.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 252.
1f) Son of Śrutāyu and Sṛñjaya.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 5. 31.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.27.7) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Supārśva) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.
Supārśva is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)
Supārśva (सुपार्श्व):—The seventh Tīrthaṅkara (Janism recognizes 24 such teachers or Siddhas). He is also known as Supārśvanātha. His colour is green (harita), according to Aparājitapṛcchā (221.5-7). His height is 200 dhanuṣa (a single dhanuṣa (or, ‘bow’) equals 6 ft), thus, roughly corresponding to 366 meters. His emblem, or symbol, is a Svastika.
Supārśva’s father is Pratiṣṭha according to Śvetāmbara but Supratiṣṭha according to Digambara and his mother is Pṛthvī. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
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Search found 16 books and stories containing Suparshva, Supārśva or Su-parshva. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Chapter XI - The Jātaka of the Crow (kāka) < [Volume III]
Chapter XV - The eighth Bhūmi < [Volume I]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 9: Future Arhats < [Chapter XIII - Śrī Mahāvīra’s nirvāṇa]
Invocation < [Chapter V - Supārśvanāthacaritra]
Part 12: Supārśva’s mokṣa (emancipation) < [Chapter V - Supārśvanāthacaritra]
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 21 - The Dynasty of Bharata < [Canto IX - Liberation]
Chapter 16 - A Description of Jambudvipa < [Canto V - The Creative Impetus]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CXXXVIII - Genealogy of royal princes (solar race) < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
Chapter CXL - Description of the race of puru < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)