Suparni, Suparṇī, Su-parni: 6 definitions


Suparni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Suparṇī (सुपर्णी) is another name for Palāśī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 3.145-147 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Vaidyaka Śabda Sindhu says Palāśī is a tree, with latex and a famous creeper by its name in Nāgar-deśa and in Kashmir it is known as Śaṭī.; it appears that Vaidyaka Śabda Sindhu is not clear whether Palāśī is a tree or a creepre. Bhāvaprakāśa has mentioned one Gandha-Palāśī (Hedychium spicatum or spiked ginger lily). Raghuvīr Prasāda Trivedī rejects claim by maintaining that the properties of Palāśī of Raj Nighantu and Gandha-Palāśī of Bhāvaprakāśa differ. Together with the names Suparṇī and Palāśī, there are a total of fourteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Suparni in India is the name of a plant defined with Butea monosperma in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Rudolphia frondosa Poir. (among others).

2) Suparni is also identified with Desmodium gangeticum It has the synonym Meibomia polygonodes (Welw. ex Baker) Kuntze (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Beskr. Guin. Pl. (1827)
· Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden (1994)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1990)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany (1996)
· Tropical Plant Science Research. New Delhi (1983)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Suparni, for example extract dosage, side effects, diet and recipes, chemical composition, health benefits, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Suparṇī (सुपर्णी).—f.

1) a number of lotuses.

2) a pool abounding in lotuses.

3) Name of the mother of Garuḍa.

Suparṇī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and parṇī (पर्णी). See also (synonyms): suparṇā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Suparṇi (सुपर्णि).—(n) , m. (Sanskrit Su-parṇa plus -in, [bahuvrīhi]; un-recorded otherwise), = Sanskrit Suparṇa, the garuḍa bird, ‘king of birds’: °ṇinā pakṣirājena Divyāvadāna 344.16; Avadāna-śataka ii.156.2; [Page600-a+ 71] °ṇī, n. sg., Divyāvadāna 148.12; 182.5; Avadāna-śataka i.108.4; (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 505.19 (verse, see s.v. lampuṭa); °ṇiḥ Mahāvyutpatti 4872; °ṇitaḥ, abl., Mahāsamājasūtra, Waldschmidt, Kl. Sanskrit Texte 4, 179.4; in line 2 above, text suvaṇī, where meter requires long penult, read suvarṇī or suvaṇṇī (partly or wholly MIndic), see Suvarṇin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Suparṇī (सुपर्णी):—[=su-parṇī] [from su-parṇa > su > su-pakva] f. a [particular] personification (mentioned together with Kadrū, sometimes identified with Vāc and regarded as the mother of metres), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Kāṭhaka; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] = garuḍī, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] the mother of Su-parṇa, [Suparṇādhyāya]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the seven tongues of fire, [Gṛhyāsaṃgraha]

5) [v.s. ...] night, [Nirukta, by Yāska]

6) [v.s. ...] a species of creeper (= palāśī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a [particular] drug (= reṇukā), [ib.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Suparṇi (ಸುಪರ್ಣಿ):—[noun] (myth.) the mother of Garuḍa, the king of birds and the vehicle of Viṣṇu.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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