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Supārśva, aka: Suparshva; 5 Definition(s)


Supārśva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

The Sanskrit term Supārśva can be transliterated into English as Suparshva or Suparsva, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism


1) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) is the name of a mountain on the eastern side of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being. On the peak of mount Supārśva stands a Aśvatta tree hosting various devas, asuras and apsaras. The lake in this direction is called Mahābhadra around which are situated eleven mountains.

2) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) is the name of a sage, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 95. He had a son named Sindhudvīpa.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1a) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—Mt. on one side of Meru; five currents of honey produced by the celestial Kadamba tree flow down from its tops; on the north Ilāvṛta;1 a Viṣkambha hill round Meru;2 sacred to Nārāyaṇī.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 11 & 22; Vāyu-purāṇa 35. 16; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 18.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 83. 23; 113. 45.
  • 3) Ib. 13. 36.

1b) A son of Dhṛta(ḍha)nemi, and father of Sumati.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 27; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 49.

1c) The father of Kāśyā, wife of Sāmba.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 47. 24.

1d) A son of Rukmaratha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 73; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 188.

1e) A son of Kāśma.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 252.

1f) Son of Śrutāyu and Sṛñjaya.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 5. 31.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Supārśva (सुपार्श्व):—Son of Dṛḍhanemi (son of Satyadhṛti). He had a son called Sumati. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.27-29)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Mahāsāṃghika (school of early Buddhism)

Supārśva (सुपार्श्व) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.

Supārśva is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda

about this context:

The Mahāsāṃghika (महासांघिक, mahasanghika) is an early school of Buddhism which split into three sub-schools: the Lokottaravāda, the Ekavyāvahārika and the Kukkuṭika. It is commonly seen as an important foundation for the development of Mahāyāna Buddhism.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Supārśva (सुपार्श्व):—The seventh Tīrthaṅkara (Janism recognizes 24 such teachers or Siddhas). He is also known as Supārśvanātha. His colour is green (harita), according to Aparājitapṛcchā (221.5-7). His height is 200 dhanuṣa (a single dhanuṣa (or, ‘bow’) equals 6 ft), thus, roughly corresponding to 366 meters. His emblem, or symbol, is a Svastika.

Supārśva’s father is Pratiṣṭha according to Śvetāmbara but Supratiṣṭha according to Digambara and his mother is Pṛthvī. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Relevant definitions

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Jambūdvīpa (जम्बूद्वीप).—One of the seven continents (dvīpa) of Bhūrloka (earth).—In the midst ...
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Pṛthvī  (पृथ्वी) is the mother of Supārśva, the seventh of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras i...
Meru (मेरु).—In the center of the Jambū-dvīpa is the Mount Meru, golden and having the shape of...
Supratiṣṭha (सुप्रतिष्ठ) is the father of Supārśva according to Digambara (according to Śvetāmb...
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Dṛḍhanemi (दृढनेमि).—A son of Satyadhṛti and father of Supārśva (Sudharma, Matsya-purāṇa)...
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Search found 17 books containing Supārśva or Suparshva. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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