Sunrita, Sūnṛtā: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Sunrita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Sūnṛtā can be transliterated into English as Sunrta or Sunrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Sūnṛtā (सूनृता).—A daughter of Dharmadeva. Uttānapāda married her. Mention is made in Harivaṃśa, Chapter 2 that four children were born to the couple.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Sūnṛtā (सूनृता).—A wife of Dharma, and mother of Satyasena and others.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 1. 25.

1b) Mother of Svadhāmā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 29.

1c) A daughter of Dharma and Lakṣmī, married Uttānapāda;1 mother of Dhruva.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 87. Matsya-purāṇa 4. 34-5.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 75-6.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Sūnṛta (सूनृत, “truthfulness”) refers to one of the five types of Saṃyakcaritra (“right-conduct”), as mentioned in chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as mentioned in Ṛṣabha’s sermon:—“[...] mokṣa is attained by those who practice unceasingly the brilliant triad of knowledge, faith, and conduct. The abandonment of all censurable activities will lead to right-conduct (cāritra), known by its five divisions, the vow of non-injury, etc. Non-injury, truthfulness, honesty, chastity, and poverty, with five supporting clauses each, lead to mokṣa. [...] Speech, pleasant, wholesome, truthful, is called the vow of truthfulness (sūnṛta)”.

2) Sūnṛta (सूनृत, “truthfulness”) refers to one of the ten-fold dharma (i.e., Yatidharma) capable of leading across saṃsāra, according to chapter 3.3 [sumatinātha-caritra].—Accordingly, as Sumatinātha said:—“The sources of pride—youth, power, beauty, etc.—have become subdued from penance, like evil spirits of a sorceror reduced to servitude from the power to summon them. Yatidharma, handed down orally by the Blessed Ones, is the best boat without impediments for crossing the ocean of saṃsāra. [...] Truthfulness (sunṛta) takes the form of avoidance of false speech. [...] So the ten-fold dharma, like a spotless wishing-jewel, capable of leading across saṃsāra, is attained in the world by merit”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sūnṛta (सूनृत).—n Truth; true and pleasant speech. a True; true and agreeable.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sūnṛta (सूनृत).—a.

1) True and pleasant, kind and sincere; तत्र सूनृतगिरश्च सूरयः पुण्यमृग्यजुषमध्यगीषत (tatra sūnṛtagiraśca sūrayaḥ puṇyamṛgyajuṣamadhyagīṣata) Śiśupālavadha 14.21; R.1.93.

2) Kind, affable, gentle, courteous; तां चाप्येतां मातरं मङ्गलानां धेनुं धीराः सूनृतां वाचमाहुः (tāṃ cāpyetāṃ mātaraṃ maṅgalānāṃ dhenuṃ dhīrāḥ sūnṛtāṃ vācamāhuḥ) Uttararāmacarita 5.31; तृणानि भूमिरुदकं वाक् चतुर्थी च सूनृता । एतान्यपि सतां गेहे नोच्छिद्यन्ते कदाचन (tṛṇāni bhūmirudakaṃ vāk caturthī ca sūnṛtā | etānyapi satāṃ gehe nocchidyante kadācana) || Ms. 3.11; R.6.29.

3) Auspicious, fortunate.

4) Beloved, dear.

5) Ved. Quick, active.

-tā 1 The goddess of true speech.

2) An excellent song.

3) Name of Uṣas.

4) Food.

-tam 1 True and agreeable speech.

2) Kind and pleasant discourse, courteous language; तेनाष्टौ परिगमिताः समाः कथंचिद् बालत्वादवितथसूनृतेन सूनोः (tenāṣṭau parigamitāḥ samāḥ kathaṃcid bālatvādavitathasūnṛtena sūnoḥ) R.8.92.

3) Auspiciousness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūnṛta (सूनृत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. True and agreeable. 2. Fortunate, auspicious. 3. Dear to, beloved by. 4. Kind, sincere, gentle. n.

(-taṃ) Agreeable discourse or speech, but also true. E. su well, nṛt to dance, (or excel,) ghañ aff., and the vowel of the prefix made long.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūnṛta (सूनृत).—probably based on su-nṛ + tā, I. f. , Excellent song, Chr. 287, 2 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 2; Chr. 294, 7 = [Rigveda.] i. 92, 7. Ii. adj. ta, f. , 1. True and agreeable, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 135, 4. 2. Auspicious. 3. Gentle, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 59, M. M.; kind, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 13, 1. 4. Dear to. Iii. n. Agreeable and true discourse or speech.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūnṛta (सूनृत).—[adjective] joyous, friendly, kind; hearty i.e. true (speech).

— [feminine] ā joy, mirth, jubilation; friendliness, heartiness, truth ([opposed] anṛta).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sūnṛta (सूनृत):—[=sū-nṛta] [from sū-nara] a mf(ā)n. joyful, glad, [Ṛg-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] friendly, kind, [Manu-smṛti iii, 150; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] pleasant and true (in this sense supposed to be [from] 5. su + ṛta), [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) Sūnṛtā (सूनृता):—[=sū-nṛtā] [from sū-nṛta > sū-nara] a f. See below

5) Sūnṛta (सूनृत):—[=sū-nṛta] [from sū-nara] n. joy, gladness, delight, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

6) [v.s. ...] (with Jainas) pleasant and true speech (one of the five qualities belonging to right conduct), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

7) Sūnṛtā (सूनृता):—[=sū-nṛtā] [from sū-nara] b f. gladness, joy, exultation, song of joy, glee ([instrumental case] [plural] ‘joyfully’), [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra]

8) [v.s. ...] kindness, friendliness, kind and true speech, [Kaṭha-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] truth (opp. to an-ṛta) personified as a goddess, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] the wife of Dharma, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] a daughter of Dharma and wife of Uttāna-pāda, [Harivaṃśa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

12) [v.s. ...] of an Apsaras, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) Sūnṛta (सूनृत):—[=sū-nṛta] b See [column]2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūnṛta (सूनृत):—(taṃ) 1. n. Agreeable and true discourse or speech. a. True; auspicious; agreeable; dear to.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sunrita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sūnṛta (ಸೂನೃತ):—[adjective] kindly; friendly; acceptable.

--- OR ---

Sūnṛta (ಸೂನೃತ):—

1) [noun] a good, friendly speech.

2) [noun] a gentle manner in which the truth is coneyed or made to understand.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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