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Sunishannaka, aka: Suniṣaṇṇaka; 1 Definition(s)


Sunishannaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

The Sanskrit term Suniṣaṇṇaka can be transliterated into English as Sunisannaka or Sunishannaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Āyurveda (science of life)

Suniṣaṇṇaka (सुनिषण्णक) is a Sanskrit word referring to Marsilea quadrifolia and Marsilea minuta (white goose), both from the Marsileaceae family. Certain plant parts of Suniṣaṇṇaka are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. It is also known as Suniṣaṇṇa, Catuṣpattrī and Caupatiyā.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 4.50-51), Suniṣaṇṇaka is listed as a synonym for Śitāvarī, which, according to the translator (Satish Chandra Sankhyadhar) remains an unidentified or controversial plant, but possibly idintified with either Celosia argentea or Blepharis edulis.

According to the Suśrutasaṃhita, the plant Suniṣaṇṇaka is listed as having two synonyms: Siribālikā (or, Siribālika) and Catuṣpatrī.

Properties according to the Carakasaṃhitā: The vegetables of Suniṣaṇṇaka alleviate three doṣas and are constipating.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

about this context:

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Relevant definitions

Search found 6 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Śitāvarī (शितावरी) is a Sanskrit word referring to a plant, which, according to the translat...
Suniṣaṇṇa (सुनिषण्ण) is another name for Suniṣaṇṇaka, which is a Sanskrit word referring to ...
Catuṣpattrī (चतुष्पत्त्री) is another name for Suniṣaṇṇaka, which is a Sanskrit word referri...
Caupatiyā (चौपतिया) is another name for Suniṣaṇṇaka, which is a Sanskrit word referring to M...
Śākavarga (शाकवर्ग) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as &ldq...
Siribālikā (सिरिबालिका) is another name for Suniṣaṇṇaka, which is a Sanskrit word for a plan...

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Search found 4 books containing Sunishannaka or Suniṣaṇṇaka. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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