Sunishannaka, Suniṣaṇṇaka: 9 definitions


Sunishannaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Suniṣaṇṇaka can be transliterated into English as Sunisannaka or Sunishannaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Sunishannaka in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Suniṣaṇṇaka (सुनिषण्णक) is a Sanskrit word referring to Marsilea quadrifolia and Marsilea minuta (white goose), both from the Marsileaceae family. Certain plant parts of Suniṣaṇṇaka are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. It is also known as Suniṣaṇṇa, Catuṣpattrī and Caupatiyā.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 4.50-51), Suniṣaṇṇaka is listed as a synonym for Śitāvarī, which, according to the translator (Satish Chandra Sankhyadhar) remains an unidentified or controversial plant, but possibly idintified with either Celosia argentea or Blepharis edulis.

According to the Suśrutasaṃhita, the plant Suniṣaṇṇaka is listed as having two synonyms: Siribālikā (or, Siribālika) and Catuṣpatrī.

Properties according to the Carakasaṃhitā: The vegetables of Suniṣaṇṇaka alleviate three doṣas and are constipating.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Suniṣaṇṇaka (सुनिषण्णक) refers to a kind of vegetable according to the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya Sūtrasthāna VIII.42-43 (also Aṣṭāṅgasaṅgraha Sūtrasthāna VII.134), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—According to medical works, paṭola, kūṣmāṇḍa, suniṣaṇṇaka, jīvanti, unripe radish and vāstuka are good vegetables.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Suniṣaṇṇaka (सुनिषण्णक) is another name for Śitāvarī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.50-52 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Note: Dr. J.K. Ojhā identifies Śitāvarī as Celosia argentea Linn (“plumed cockscomb”; of the Amaranthaceae family) while the commentator of the Rājanighaṇṭu identifies it with Blepharis edulis Pers (“uttanjan”; from the Acanthaceae family); both are quite apart from each other. Together with the names Suniṣaṇṇaka and Śitāvarī, there are a total of fifteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of sunishannaka or sunisannaka in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Sunishannaka in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Sunishannaka in India is the name of a plant defined with Blepharis ciliaris in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Acanthus edulis Forssk. (among others).

2) Sunishannaka is also identified with Celosia argentea It has the synonym Amaranthus purpureus Nieuwl. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Flora Indica (1768)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany (1891)
· Amer. Midl. Nat. (1914)
· Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, Zweite Auflage (1934)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Sunishannaka, for example health benefits, diet and recipes, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sunishannaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suniṣaṇṇaka (सुनिषण्णक).—n.

(-kaṃ) A potherb, (Marsilia quadrifolia.) “susuni śāka” . E. su well, niṣaṇṇa depression of spirits or drowsiness, kan aff.; also without the final, suniṣaṇṇa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suniṣaṇṇaka (सुनिषण्णक):—[=su-niṣaṇṇaka] [from su > su-nakṣatra] m. the herb Marsilea Quadrifolia, [Caraka]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suniṣaṇṇaka (सुनिषण्णक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. A potherb.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sunishannaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sunishannaka in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Suniṣaṇṇaka (ಸುನಿಷಣ್ಣಕ):—[noun] the plant Marsilea quadrifolia of Marsileaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of sunishannaka or sunisannaka in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

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