Sunaparanta, Sunāparanta: 1 definition



Sunaparanta means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Sunaparanta in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A country in which was the port of Supparaka, birthplace of Punna Thera. From there he went with a caravan to Savatthi, and, after hearing the Buddha preach, entered the Order. Later, obtaining the Buddhas permission, he returned to Sunaparanta (ThagA.i.158). There he attained arahantship, and five hundred men and five hundred women became lay followers of the religion. Under his direction they built a Gandhakuti, called Candanasala, and Punna, wishing the Buddha to be present at the dedication festival, sent a flower through the air to the Buddha at Savatthi as invitation.

The Buddha accepted this invitation and went to Sunaparanta with four hundred and ninety nine arahants, including Kundadhana and Ananda, all in pinnacled palanquins, provided by Vissakamma, acting under orders from Sakka. On the way the Buddha stopped at Saccabaddhapabbata, where he converted the tapasa of the mountain, who became an arahant and travelled on with the party in the five hundredth palanquin. The Buddha spent the day in Sunaparanta, and, on his way back, stopped on the banks of the river Nammada. There the Nagaraja paid him homage, and the Buddha left his footprint in the Nagas abode for him to worship. MA.ii.101f.; SA.iii.176; according to the latter account the Buddha spent seven days in Sunaparanta, at the Mankularama.

The people of Sunaparanta were reported as being fierce and violent (M.iii.268; S.iv.61f).

Sunaparanta was also the birthplace of Culla Punna and Isidinna (Isidatta) (q.v.).

Sunaparanta is probably identical with Aparanta; the Burmese, however, identify it with the country on the right bank of the Irrawaddy River, near Pagan. Sas. Introd., p.ix.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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