Suja, Sujā: 6 definitions



Suja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

One of the four wives of Magha and his maternal cousin. When Maghas other wives helped him in his good acts, Suja, claiming kinship with him, spent her time in adorning herself. When Magha was born as Sakka and looked for Suja, he found that she had been born as a crane in a mountain cave. He visited her and carried her to Tavatimsa to show her how her companions had been born there, as a result of their good acts. He then exhorted her to keep the five precepts. This she did, eating only such fish as had died a natural death. One day, Sakka, wishing to test her, assumed the form of a fish and pretended to be dead. Just as Suja was about to swallow the fish, it wriggled its tail and she let it go. A few days later she died, and was born as the daughter of a potter of Benares. Sakka filled a cart with treasures disguised as cucumbers and drove it through the city. When people asked him for cucumbers, he said, I give them only to a woman who has kept the five precepts. Suja claimed them, and Sakka, revealing his identity, gave them to her.

Then she was reborn as the daughter of Vepacitti, king of the Asuras, a bitter enemy of Sakka. Because of her great beauty, Vepacitti granted to Suja the boon of choosing her own husband, and Sakka, disguised as an aged Asura, came to the assembly where she was to choose. Filled with love for him, owing to their previous association, she threw the garland round the aged Asura, and when the others exclaimed that he was old enough to be her grandfather, Sakka took Suja up into the air and declared his identity. The Asuras started in pursuit, but Matali drove the Vejayantaratha, and Suja was installed in Tavatimsa as Sakkas chief consort, at the head of twenty five million apsarases. She asked for and was granted as a boon that she should be allowed to accompany Sakka wherever he went. DhA.i.269, 271, 274ff.; DA.iii.716f.; J.i.201f.; also J.iii.491f., where Suja accompanies Sakka in his travels; at p.494 she is called Sujata; cf. DA.iii.716.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sujā : (f.) 1. the sacrificial ladle. 2. name of Sakka's wife.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sujā, (f.) (Vedic sruc, f. ) a sacrificial ladle D. I, 120, 138; S. I, 169; DA. I, 289, 299. (Page 717)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sūja (सूज).—f ē (śōtha S through H) Swelling or tumefaction: also tumidness or puffedness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sūja (सूज).—f Swelling, tumefaction; puffed- ness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sūjā (सूजा):—(nm) a big needle, an awl; distaff; (a) swollen.

context information


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