Sugandhaka, Su-gandhaka: 8 definitions



Sugandhaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Sugandhaka in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Sugandhaka (सुगन्धक) is a Sanskrit word for a species of rice (śāli) which is said to have a superior quality, according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The literal translation of the word “good fragrance”, it is composed of su (‘good’) and gandhaka (‘fragrance’). The plant Sugandhaka is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sugandhaka in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sugandhaka (सुगंधक).—a (S) corruptly sugandhika a Of pleasant odor or scent, sweet-smelling, fragrant.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sugandhaka (सुगंधक).—a Sweet-smelling, fragrant.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sugandhaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sugandhaka (सुगन्धक).—

1) sulphur.

2) the red Tulasee.

3) the orange.

4) a kind of gourd,

Derivable forms: sugandhakaḥ (सुगन्धकः).

Sugandhaka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and gandhaka (गन्धक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sugandhaka (सुगन्धक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. Sulphur. 2. The orange. 3. A sort of gourd, (Momordica mixta.) E. kan added to the last.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sugandhaka (सुगन्धक):—[=su-gandhaka] [from su > su-ga] m. ‘having fragrance’, a kind of grain (perhaps of rice), [Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] a kind of culinary herb, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] the orange, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Momordica Mixta, [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] red-blossomed basil, [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] a kind of bulbous plant (= dharaṇī-kanda), [ib.]

7) [v.s. ...] sulphur, [ib.]

8) [=su-gandhaka] [from su > su-ga] n. a kind of medicinal herb, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sugandhaka (सुगन्धक):—[su-gandhaka] (kaḥ) 1. m. Sulphur; the orange; kind of gourd.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sugandhaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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