Sugandha, aka: Sugandhā, Su-gandha; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sugandha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[Sugandha in Ayurveda glossaries]

1) Sugandhā (सुगन्धा) is another name for Mallikā (Jasminum sambac “Sambac jasmine”), from the Oleaceae family of flowering plants. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā.

2) Sugandhā (सुगन्धा) is another name for Tulasī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Ocimum tenuiflorum (holy basil), from the Lamiaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 10.148-149), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

3) Sugandha (सुगन्ध) is another name (synonym) for Candana, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Santalum album (Indian sandalwood). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 12.6-8), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Sugandhā (सुगन्धा) is another name for Vandhyākarkoṭakī, a medicinal plant identified with Momordica dioica (spiny gourd) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.61-63 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Sugandhā and Vandhyākarkoṭakī, there are a total of nineteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Sugandhā (सुगन्धा) is also mentioned as a synonym for Rudrajaṭā, a medicinal plant identified with Aristolochia indica (Indian birthwort or duck flower) from the Aristolochiaceae or “birthwort family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.79-81.

(Source): WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana

[Sugandha in Purana glossaries]

1) Sugandha (सुगन्ध).—A giant. It is stated in Padma Purāṇa, Sṛṣṭi Khaṇḍa, Chapter 75, that this giant was one of the seven, who were killed by Agni (Fire) in the battle between Hiraṇyākṣa and the gods.

2) Sugandhā (सुगन्धा).—A celestial maid. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 122, Verse 63, that this celestial maid danced in the birth festival of Arjuna.

3) Sugandhā (सुगन्धा).—A holy place. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 84, Verse 10, that by visiting this place one could obtain remission of sins and attain heaven.

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Sugandha (सुगन्ध).—A son of Devajanī and an Yakṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 130.

2a) Sugandhā (सुगन्धा).—(Sugandhi)—a servant maid of Vasudeva: gave birth to Punḍṛa and Kapila through Vasudeva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 163, 185.

2b) The Goddess enshrined at Mādhavavana.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 37.

2c) An Apsaras.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 7.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Sugandha in Itihasa glossaries]

Sugandha (सुगन्ध) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.82.9, III.82.32). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sugandha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Sugandha in Theravada glossaries]

1. Sugandha Thera. He belonged to a rich family of Savatthi. In the past he had smeared the Gandhakuti of Kassapa Buddha with costly sandalwood paste and had desired that he might be reborn with a fragrant body: therefore he, on the day of his birth, and his mother, while she carried him, filled the house with fragrance hence his name. When he grew up, he heard Mahasela Thera preach and entered the Order, attaining arahantship in seven days.

In the time of Tissa Buddha he was a hunter. Tissa Buddha saw him, and, out of compassion for him, left his footprint where the hunter might see it. The hunter recognized the footprint as that of a Great Being and offered to it karandaka flowers (Thag.vs.24; ThagA.i.80f).

He is probably identical with Karandapupphiya Thera of the Apadana. Ap.ii.434; the same verses occur at Ap.ii.383; cf. ThagA.i.270; i.405, where they are found under Subhuti.

Sugandha. A khattiya of thirty one kappas ago, a former birth of Atuma (Gandhodakiya) Thera. ThagA.i.162; Ap.i.158.

3. Sugandha Thera. In the past he had been a setthiputta of Benares and had joined the Order under Kassapa Buddha, becoming famous as a preacher. After death he was born in Tusita, and in this life was born among men, with a fragrant body hence his name. He entered the Order and became an arahant. Ap.ii.459-63.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[Sugandha in Buddhism glossaries]

Sugandha (सुगन्ध, “pleasant smell”) refers one to the “four smells” (gandha) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 37). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., sugandha). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Sugandha in Jainism glossaries]

Sugandha (सुगन्ध, “fragrant”) refers to “sweet-smelling” and represents on of the two types of Gandha (odour), representing one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. The karmas rise of which gives the smell attribute to the body are called odour body-making karma (eg., sugandha).

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

[Sugandha in India history glossaries]

Sugandhā (सुगन्धा) is the name of a river mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa that remains unidentified.

(Source): archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Sugandha in Pali glossaries]

sugandha : (m.) fragrance; pleasant odour. (adj.), fragrant.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Sugandha in Marathi glossaries]

sugandha (सुगंध).—m (S) Fragrance, perfume, sweet odor, any pleasant or agreeable smell.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sugandha (सुगंध).—m Fragrance, perfume, sweet odour.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Sugandha in Sanskrit glossaries]

Sugandha (सुगन्ध).—

1) fragrance, odour, perfume.

2) sulphur.

3) a trader. (-ndham) 1 sandal.

2) small cumin seed.

3) a blue lotus.

4) a kind of fragrant grass.

-ndhā sacred basil.

Derivable forms: sugandhaḥ (सुगन्धः).

Sugandha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and gandha (गन्ध).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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