Sudurjaya, Sudurjayā: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Sudurjaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sudurjaya in Shaktism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Sudurjaya (सुदुर्जय) refers to “that which is very difficult to conquer” and is used to describe the Goddesses of the eight powers of Kāmadeva, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] I worship those compassionately-disposed goddesses of red-complexion, the eight powers of the bodiless [love-god Kāmadeva], who have arisen like shadows of the goddess [Nityā Sundarī] and are very difficult to conquer (sudurjaya). I venerate those fourteen goddesses, with Sarvasaṃkṣobhaṇī at the fore, to whom [all] fourteen worlds bow. They carry a bow and arrows made of sugarcane. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Sudurjayā (सुदुर्जया) or Sudurjayābhūmi refers to one of twelve Bhūmi Goddesses, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—Her Colour is yellow; her Symbol is an emerald; she has two arms.

Sudurjayā is described in the Niṣpannayogāvalī (dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala) as follows:—

“Sudurjayā is yellow in colour and carries an emerald on her open palm on the lap”.

[These twelve bhūmis [viz., Sudurjayā] are two-armed and hold in the right hand the vajra and in the left their own weapons or signs.]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Sudurjaya in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Sudurjayā (सुदुर्जया) or Sudurjayābhūmi refers to the “bhūmi difficult to conquer” and represents one of the ten Bodhisattva grounds (bodhisattabhūmi), according to the Daśabhūmikasūtra, or Daśabhūmīśvara, as mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 52.—Sudurjayā-bhūmi is also known as “śin tu dbyans dkaḥ ba, nan cheng or ki nan cheng”.—The Bodhisattva-mahāsattva in the fifth bhūmi (sudurjayā) must avoid twelve dharmas.

What are these twelve?

  1. Avoiding the company of lay people.
  2. Avoiding the company of nuns.
  3. Avoiding being envious of others’ families.
  4. Avoiding meeting places.
  5. Avoiding maliciousness.
  6. [?]
  7. Avoiding exaltation of the self.
  8. Avoiding the ten bad paths of action.
  9. Avoiding great pride
  10. Avoiding arrogance.
  11. Avoiding mistakes.
  12. Avoiding desire, hatred and delusion.
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Sudurjaya in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Sudurjayā (सुदुर्जया) or Sudurjayābhūmi refers to the “very difficult of success” and represents the fifth of the “ten stages of the Bodhisattva” (bhūmi) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 64). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., sudurjayā). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D. Arciṣmatī is also included in the “thirteen stages of the Bodhisattva” (trayodaśa-bhūmi).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sudurjaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sudurjayā (सुदुर्जया).—(compare Durjayā), name of the 5th Bodhisattva bhūmi: Mahāvyutpatti 890; Dharmasaṃgraha 64; Daśabhūmikasūtra 5.9 etc.; Bodhisattvabhūmi 343.16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sudurjaya (सुदुर्जय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Difficult to be overcome. E. su very, durjaya difficult to be conquered.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sudurjaya (सुदुर्जय).—[Su-dus-], adj. very difficult to be overcome.

Sudurjaya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sudus and jaya (जय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sudurjaya (सुदुर्जय).—[adjective] very difficult to be conquered.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sudurjaya (सुदुर्जय):—[=su-durjaya] [from su > su-tanaya] mfn. very difficult to be overcome or conquered, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] very d° to be won or obtained, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of military array, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Suvīra, [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] of a Brāhman, [Buddhist literature]

6) Sudurjayā (सुदुर्जया):—[=su-durjayā] [from su-durjaya > su > su-tanaya] f. (with Buddhists) Name of one of the 10 stages of perfection, [Dharmasaṃgraha 64.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sudurjaya (सुदुर्जय):—[su-durjaya] (yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) a. Hard to be conquered.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sudurjaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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