Subhashita, aka: Subhāṣita, Su-bhashita; 4 Definition(s)
Subhashita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Subhāṣita can be transliterated into English as Subhasita or Subhashita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
General definition (in Hinduism)
Subhashitas (सुभाषितम्) are Sanskrit aphorisms or maxims. Su in Sanskrit means good; bhashita means spoken; which together means well spoken. Subhashitas in Sanskrit are short verses that convey thoughtful messages or words of wisdom.
Subhashitas are known for their inherent moral and ethical advice, instructions in worldly wisdom and guidance in making righteous deeds. Subhashitas create an appeal as the inherent message is conveyed through poems which quote practical examples which are often rhythmic in nature. Some authors even relate Subhashitas to sugar coated bitter medicines considering their worthiness.
According to Mohana Bhāradvāja, Subhashita in Indian Literature is a single verse or single stanza, descriptive or didactic but complete in itself expressing a single idea, devotional, ethical or erotic in a witty or epigrammatic way. Author Ludwik Sternbach describes that such wise sayings in poetic form not only contain beautiful thoughts but they also make the expressions in cultivated language. He further says that such form of Indian literature had a tinge of poetry, the poetical skill being exhibited in the intricate play of words which created a slight wit, humour, satire and sententious precepts; they arose laughter, scorn, compass and other moods. The poetic style of narration found in Subhashita is also termed as muktaka (independent), as the meaning or the mood of which is complete in itself. This poetic form has been compared to Persian rubai or Japanese tanka by some authors.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
Languages of India and abroad
subhāṣita (सुभाषित).—n S Elegant or accurate speech or composition; fine discourse or writing.
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subhāṣita (सुभाषित).—a S Well-spoken, possessing facundity or elocution. 2 Spoken or written eloquently or ornately.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
subhāṣita (सुभाषित).—n Elegant speech or composi- tion. a Well-spoken.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) spoken well or eloquent. (-tam) 1 fine speech, eloquence, learning; जीर्णमङ्गे सुभाषितम् (jīrṇamaṅge subhāṣitam) Bh.3.2. -2la a witty saying, an apophthegm, an apposite saying; सुभाषितेन गीतेन युवतीनां च लीलया । मनो न भिद्यते यस्य स वै मुक्तोऽथवा पशुः (subhāṣitena gītena yuvatīnāṃ ca līlayā | mano na bhidyate yasya sa vai mukto'thavā paśuḥ) Subhāṣ.
3) a good remark; बालादपि सुभाषितम् (bālādapi subhāṣitam) (grāhyam).
Subhāṣita is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and bhāṣita (भाषित).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 4 books and stories containing Subhashita, Subhāṣita or Su-bhashita. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Gemstones of the Good Dhamma (by Ven. S. Dhammika)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 4 - The story of Hastaka Āṭavika < [Chapter XV - The Arrival of the Bodhisattvas of the Ten Directions]
4. Prajñā of the heretics < [Part 2 - Prajñā and the prajñās]
Bhūmi 1: the joyous ground (pramuditā) < [Chapter XX - (2nd series): Setting out on the Mahāyāna]
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 33 - Characteristics of Sages and of Mantras < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)