Subhasha, Subhāṣa, Subhāṣā: 5 definitions


Subhasha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Subhāṣa and Subhāṣā can be transliterated into English as Subhasa or Subhasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Subhasha in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Subhāṣa (सुभाष).—A son of Supārśva II and father of Suśruta.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 5. 31.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Subhasha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Subhāsa (सुभास) was a soldier in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army whose strength is considered equal to a great warrior (mahāratha), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... and [Subhāsa, and others] are great warriors”.

The story of Subhāsa was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Subhāsa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Subhāṣā (सुभाषा) refers to “good languages”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “Again, the one who pierces the mind (cittavedha) (with the energy of grace) is a (true) teacher. He should awaken the unawakened to the Kula scripture (kulagrantha) by means of good languages (subhāṣā). The one who can explain the (yogic states known as) ‘Established in the Body’ (piṇḍastha), ‘Established on the Plane’ (padastha) and the procedure (krama) related to (the ritual offering) of bodily substances—what is supreme, subtle and gross—is a (true) teacher. (Caste is) no consideration, (whatever he be,) starting from a Brahmin to an outcaste. Indeed, the teacher is one whose action (kriyā) (ritual and yogic) is such is said to be a Brahmin (vipra—regardless of his caste)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Subhāsa (सुभास):—[=su-bhāsa] [from su > su-pakva] m. Name of a Dānava, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] of a son of Su-dhanvan, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

[Sanskrit to German]

Subhasha in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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