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Subhadrā, aka: Subhadra; 13 Definition(s)


Subhadrā means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

The Sanskrit term Subhadrā can be transliterated into English as Subhadra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism


Subhadra (सुभद्र) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a variety of maṇḍapa (halls attached to the temple), according to the Matsya-purāṇa (verses 270.1-30). The subhadra-maṇḍapa is to be built with 12 pillars (stambha). The Matsyapurāṇa is one of the eighteen major purāṇas dating from the 1st-millennium BCE.

Accordingly (verse 270.15-17), “These maṇḍapas (eg., subhadra) should be either made triangular, circular, octagonal or with 16 sides or they are square. They promote kingdoms, victory, longevity, sons, wife and nourishment respecitvely. Temples of other shape than these are inauspicious.”

Source: Wisdom Library: Purāṇas

1a) Subhadra (सुभद्र).—One of the seven divisions of Plakṣadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 3.

1b) A son of Pauravī and Vasudeva.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 47.

1c) A son of Kṛṣṇa and Bhadrā: fought with Sangrāmajit deluded by Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 17; XI. 30. 16.

1d) An Yakṣa; a son of Puṇyajanī and Maṇibhadra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 124; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 156.

2a) Subhadrā (सुभद्रा).—A daughter of Vasudeva and Devakī: queen of Arjuna, mother of Abhimaṇyu, and grandmother of Parīkṣit, younger sister of Kṛṣṇa of dark complexion;1 taken by Kṛṣṇa to Dvārakā;2 heard from the wives of Kṛṣṇa of their marriage and was in wonder;3 grieved at Kṛṣṇa's departure from Hastināpura: welcomed Vidura;4 the pride of the Vṛṣṇis.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 55; 22. 33; Matsya-purāṇa 46. 15; 50. 56; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 175-6; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 51. 99. 249.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 64 [11];
  • 3) Ib. X. 84. 1.
  • 4) Ib. I. 10. 9; 13. 3.
  • 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 177-8.

2b) The goddess enshrined at Śoṇasamgama.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 45.

2c) The wife of Aniruddha.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 15. 40.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

Subhadra (सुभद्र) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a type of upapīṭha (sub-structure, beneath the adhiṣṭhāna), according to the Mayamata 13.5.

Subhadra is constructed with the following major mouldings (aṃśa):

  1. upāna,
  2. jagati,
  3. gala,
  4. adhaḥpadma,
  5. paṭṭikā.

Subhadra has two varieties according to the Mayamata, and is listed as identical to the vedibhadra (except for the surface treatments, which is plain with little ornamentation).

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

about this context:

Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Āyurveda (science of life)

Subhadrā (सुभद्रा) is another name (synonym) for Śaṭī, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Hedychium spicatum (spiked ginger lily). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 6.226-227), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

about this context:

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Hindu science dealing with subjects such as health, medicine, anatomy, etc. and has been in use throughout India since ancient times.

Vāstuśāstra (architecture)

Subhadra (सुभद्र) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Miśraka, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56. The Miśraka group contains nine out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under four groups in this chapter. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Subhadra is mentioned in another list of 40 temples, in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra, chapter 57, where it is mentioned as one of the nine temples being a favorite of Bhagavatī, as well as one of the twenty temples being a favorite of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Subhadra (सुभद्र).—A type of aṅgavibhakti (‘indendations’ in a wall line);—If the bhadra is provided with another offset projection, that projection is called by the name subhadra.

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

about this context:

Vāstuśāstra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vastu-shastra) refers to the knowledge of architecture. It is a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with topics such architecture, construction, sculpture and their relation with the cosmic universe.

Śaivism (Śaiva philosophy)

Subhadrā (सुभद्रा) is a Sanskrit name of one of the five cow-mothers, born from the churning of the milk ocean and descended on earth from Śiva’s world at the latter’s behest for the welfare of the people, according to the Śivadharmottarapurāṇa

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

1) Subhadrā (सुभद्रा, “glittering”):—One of the nine Dūtī presided over by one of the nine bhaivaravas named Yogeśa (emanation of Ananta, who is the central presiding deity of Dūtīcakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra and the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.

2) Subhadrā (सुभद्रा):—Sanskrit name of one of the thirty-two female deities of the Somamaṇḍala (second maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra) according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. These goddesses are situated on a ring of sixteen petals and represent the thirty-two syllables of the Aghoramantra. Each deity (including Subhadrā) is small, plump and large-bellied. They can assume any form at will, have sixteen arms each, and are all mounted on a different animal.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

about this context:

Śaiva (शैव, shaiva) or Śaivism (shaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Śiva as the supreme being. Closeley related to Śāktism, Śaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Pāñcarātra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Subhadra (सुभद्र):—One of the eight gatekeepers who are said to embody the eight siddhis (‘yogic powers’).

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

about this context:

Pāñcarātra (पाञ्चरात्र, pancaratra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Nārāyaṇa is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaiṣnavism, the Pāñcarātra literature includes various Āgamas and tantras incorporating many Vaiṣnava philosophies.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Subhadra (सुभद्रा): Wife of Arjuna, sister of Sri Krishna and mother of Abhimanyu.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Subhadra was the sister of Krishna and Balarama. Krishna wanted her to marry Arjuna but Balarama was against it. Finally, with the help of Krishna's plot, Subhadra and Arjuna eloped together and were married. The great boy-warrior Abhimanyu is their son.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Subhadra in Sanskrit, Subhadda in Pali. A Brahman of age 120, who became Shakyamunis disciple shortly before Shakyamunis death and is therefore known as the last disciple.Source: Buddhist Door: Glossary

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Subhadra (सुभद्र) is the name of a Yakṣa mentioned in the Tattvārtha-bhāṣya amongst a list of thirteen. The Tattvārtha-bhāṣya is a commentary on the Tattvārtha-sūtra, an ancient and foundational Jain text written in the 2nd century by Umāsvāti. It contains philosophy accepted as authoritative by both the Digambara and the Śvetāmbara sects of Jainism.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Relevant definitions

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Maṇḍapa (सुभद्र) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a “halls attached to the te...
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Śaṭī (शटी) is a Sanskrit word referring to Hedychium spicatum (spiked ginger lily), from the...
Bhadrā (भद्रा, “gentle-woman”) refers to a specific “mode of address” (nāman) used in drama (nā...
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Abhimanyu (अभिमन्यु) was the son of Arjuna, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 9. He...
Yaśodā (यशोदा) is another name for Śivā, one of the seven major rivers in Kuśadvīpa, accordi...
Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्) is the name of the King who was the son of Abhimanyu, and grandson of A...
Pārtha (पार्थ).—Arjuna;1 married Subhadrā and got by her Abhimanyu.21) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa ...
1a) Mādhavī (माधवी).—A name of Yogamāyā.** Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 2. 12.1b) Name of Subhadrā...
Duryodhana (दुर्योधन).—The eldest of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra and Gāndhāri;1 Subh...
Dvārapālaka (द्वारपालक).—Dvārapālakas are the door-keepers of the temples, and sculptures repre...
1a) Pauravī (पौरवी).—A queen of Yudhiṣṭhira, and mother of Devaka.** Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX....
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