Stoka: 12 definitions


Stoka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Stoka (स्तोक):—[stokaṃ] Scanty

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Stoka (स्तोक) refers to a unit of time according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.40.—What is the duration of one breathe (inhale and exhale)? It consists of numerable āvalis. What is the duration of one stoka? Seven breathes constitute one stoka. What is the duration of lava? It is seven stokas.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Stoka (स्तोक) refers to a “small (diminution)” (in shameful deeds), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Also when a corporeal [soul] who is complete, having consciousness, with five senses [and] possessing limbs thus comes into being among the plants and animals then it is not because of a very small diminution in shameful deeds [com.stoka-pāpakarman-kṣaya—‘because of a small diminution in wicked deeds’]. When sentient beings attain here the human state endowed with attributes characterized by place, birth, etc. that is because of the insignificance of [their] actions, I think”.

Synonyms: Svalpa.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Stoka (स्तोक).—a. [stuc-ghañ]

1) Little, small; स्तोकेनोन्नतिमायाति स्तोकेनायात्यधोगतिम् (stokenonnatimāyāti stokenāyātyadhogatim) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.15; स्तोकं महद्वा धनम् (stokaṃ mahadvā dhanam) Bhartṛhari 2.49.

2) Short.

3) Few.

4) Low, abject.

-kaḥ 1 A small quantity, drop; घृतवन्तः पावक ते स्तोकाश्चोतन्ति (ghṛtavantaḥ pāvaka te stokāścotanti) Ait. Br.2. 12; अद्भ्यः स्तोका यान्ति यथा पृथक्त्वम् (adbhyaḥ stokā yānti yathā pṛthaktvam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 7.21.75.

2) The Chātaka bird.

3) A spark.

-kram ind. A little, less; पश्योदग्रप्लुतत्वाद्वियति बहुतरं स्तोकमुर्व्यां प्रयाति (paśyodagraplutatvādviyati bahutaraṃ stokamurvyāṃ prayāti) Ś.1.7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stoka (स्तोक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. Little, small. 2. Low. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. The Chataka. (Cuculus melanoleucos.) 2. A drop of water. 3. A small portion. n. Adv.

(-kaṃ) A little. E. ṣṭuc to be clear or bright, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stoka (स्तोक).—I. adj. 1. Little, [Pañcatantra] 263, 25; short, [Pañcatantra] 245, 13; small, few, [Pañcatantra] 31, 5. 2. Low, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 10. Ii. ºkam, adv. 1. A little, [Pañcatantra] 170, 6. 2. Cf. bahutaram, see bahu. Iii. m. 1. The Cātaka, Cuculus melanoleucus. 2. A drop of water.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stoka (स्तोक).—[masculine] drop; adj. small, insignificant, °— & [neuter] a little; stokena & stokāt in [comparative] [with] a [participle] hardly, just. Abstr. stokatā† [feminine], stokatva† [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Stoka (स्तोक):—[from stu] a m. ([according to] to some for skota [from] √ścut; cf. [Nirukta, by Yāska ii, 1]) a drop (of water etc.), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa; ???; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] a spark (See agni-st)

3) [v.s. ...] the Cātaka bird, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. little, small, short ([in the beginning of a compound] and am ind. ‘a little, slightly, gradually’; bahutaram-stokam, ‘more-than’; stokena na, ‘not in the least’; stokena and stokāt in [compound] with a [past participle] = ‘hardly’, ‘with some difficulty’, ‘only just’, ‘a little while ago’ cf. [Pāṇini 2-1, 39; 3, 33]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

5) b etc. See p. 1259, col. 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stoka (स्तोक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Little, small. m. The Chātaka; a drop of water.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Stoka (स्तोक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Thova, Thovāga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Stoka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Stōka (ಸ್ತೋಕ):—

1) [adjective] small in size; not big, large or great.

2) [adjective] small in amount, number or degree; not much.

3) [adjective] short in duration or distance; brief; not long.

4) [adjective] small in force, intensity, etc.; weak.

5) [adjective] trivial; trifling.

--- OR ---

Stōka (ಸ್ತೋಕ):—

1) [noun] the quality of being small in size.

2) [noun] the quality of being small in amount, number or degree.

3) [noun] the quality of lasting for a very short duration.

4) [noun] the quality of being weak; weakness.

5) [noun] the quality of being trivial.

6) [noun] a drop or droplet (asof water).

7) [noun] a glowing bit of matter thrown off by a fire; a spark.

8) [noun] the male of the bird Cuculus melanoleucus, fabled to live only upon rain drops.

9) [noun] a tiny, diminutive (human) body (?).

10) [noun] the flexible appendage to the trunk of some animals; a tail.

11) [noun] (pl.) children.

12) [noun] a meditating on the Supreme or abstract principle of the universal being, following self-denial, strict austere, moral and ethical life, etc.

13) [noun] (jain.) a unit of time equal approx. to 5.25 seconds.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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