Sthayin, Sthāyin: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Sthayin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Sthāyin (स्थायिन्) refers to “permanent state”. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

The permanent states (sthāyin) are of eight types:

  1. rati (love),
  2. utsāha (energy),
  3. jugupsā (disgust),
  4. krodha (anger),
  5. hāsa (mirth),
  6. smaya, vismaya (astonishment),
  7. bhaya (fear),
  8. śoka (sorrow)

According to the Daśarūpa 4.43, “The Permanent States (sthāyin, sc. bhāva), the source of delight, is one which is not interfered with by [other] States (bhāva), whether consistent [with it] or inconsistent, but which brings the others into harmony with itself..”

2) Sthāyin (स्थायिन्, “staying”) refers to “monotonic” and is one of the four varṇas (order), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. These four varṇas define the production (i.e., order or scale) of notes (svara) and are used to make up the thirty-three alaṃkāras (embellishments) of a song.

Source: archive.org: Northern Indian Music Volume I

Sthāyin (स्थायिन्) refers to the first of four stages through which a rāga (melodic mode) develops itself.—The sthāyin / sthāyī (the pallavi of Souith Indian music) establishes the theme, starting from the middle tonic (middle Sa). It is focused on the sonant (vādī / vādin) and though it never rises above the B (Ni) of the middle octave, it descends as deeply as possible into the lower octave.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sthāyin.—(wrongly read as Sthāmin in Ep. Ind., Vol. XXIV, p. 145, text line 2), possibly, the permanent tenants of a village. See Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXI, p. 234. Cf. Āsthāyika-puruṣa. Note: sthāyin is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sthāyin (स्थायिन्).—a. [sthā-ṇini]

1) Standing, staying, being situated (at the end of comp.).

2) Enduring, continuing, lasting, abiding; शरीरं क्षणविध्वंसि कल्पान्तस्थायिनो गुणाः (śarīraṃ kṣaṇavidhvaṃsi kalpāntasthāyino guṇāḥ) Subhāṣ.; कतिपयदिवसस्थायिनी यौवनश्रीः (katipayadivasasthāyinī yauvanaśrīḥ) Bhartṛhari 3.82; Mv.7. 15.

3) Living, dwelling, remaining; संपत्स्यन्ते कतिपय- दिनस्थायिहंसा दशार्णाः (saṃpatsyante katipaya- dinasthāyihaṃsā daśārṇāḥ) Meghadūta 23.

4) Permanent, firm, steady, invariable, unchangeable. -m.

1) A lasting or permanent feeling; (see sthāyibhāva below); स्थायिनोऽर्थे प्रवर्तन्ते भावाः संचारिणो यथा (sthāyino'rthe pravartante bhāvāḥ saṃcāriṇo yathā) Śiśupālavadha 2.87. -n. Anything lasting, a permanent state or condition.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthāyin (स्थायिन्).—mfn. (-yī-yinī-yi) 1. Steady, firm, unchangeable, invariable. 2. Who or what stays, or is, &c. f. (-yinī) 1. Standing, staying. 2. Abiding, living. 3. Enduring, continuing, lasting. n. (-yi) Anything lasting, a permanent state or condition. m. (-yī) A class of those feelings or passions which are the objects of poetic description: see the next. E. ṣṭhā to stay, ṇini aff., yuk augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthāyin (स्थायिन्).—i. e. sthā + in, adj., f. , 1. Staying, lasting, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 48, M. M. 2. Firm, steady, unchangeable, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 39.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthāyin (स्थायिन्).—[adjective] standing, abiding, being in, at, or on (—°), present; steady, constant, faithful, true.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sthāyin (स्थायिन्):—[from sthā] mfn. standing, staying, being or situated in or on ([compound]), [Nirukta, by Yāska; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] being in a [particular] place, resident, present, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] being in a [particular] state or condition, [Kāvya literature; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] permanent, constant, enduring, lasting (as a feeling or state; cf. sthāyi-bhāva above), [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] persevering, steadfast, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

6) [v.s. ...] faithful, trustworthy, [Bharata-nāṭya-śāstra]

7) [v.s. ...] having the form of ([compound]), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthāyin (स्थायिन्):—[(yī-yinī-yi) a.] Steady, firm, unchangeable; staying, &c.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sthāyin (स्थायिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṭhāi, Thāi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sthayin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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