Sthayin, aka: Sthāyin; 5 Definition(s)


Sthayin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Sthāyin (स्थायिन्) refers to “permanent state”. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

The permanent states (sthāyin) are of eight types:

  1. rati (love),
  2. utsāha (energy),
  3. jugupsā (disgust),
  4. krodha (anger),
  5. hāsa (mirth),
  6. smaya, vismaya (astonishment),
  7. bhaya (fear),
  8. śoka (sorrow)

According to the Daśarūpa 4.43, “The Permanent States (sthāyin, sc. bhāva), the source of delight, is one which is not interfered with by [other] States (bhāva), whether consistent [with it] or inconsistent, but which brings the others into harmony with itself..”

2) Sthāyin (स्थायिन्, “staying”) refers to “monotonic” and is one of the four varṇas (order), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. These four varṇas define the production (i.e., order or scale) of notes (svara) and are used to make up the thirty-three alaṃkāras (embellishments) of a song.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Sthāyin (स्थायिन्) refers to the first of four stages through which a rāga (melodic mode) develops itself.—The sthāyin / sthāyī (the pallavi of Souith Indian music) establishes the theme, starting from the middle tonic (middle Sa). It is focused on the sonant (vādī / vādin) and though it never rises above the B (Ni) of the middle octave, it descends as deeply as possible into the lower octave.

Source: Northern Indian Music Volume I
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of sthayin in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sthāyin (स्थायिन्).—a. [sthā-ṇini]

1) Standing, staying, being situated (at the end of comp.).

2) Enduring, continuing, lasting, abiding; शरीरं क्षणविध्वंसि कल्पान्तस्थायिनो गुणाः (śarīraṃ kṣaṇavidhvaṃsi kalpāntasthāyino guṇāḥ) Subhāṣ.; कतिपयदिवसस्थायिनी यौवनश्रीः (katipayadivasasthāyinī yauvanaśrīḥ) Bh.3.82; Mv.7. 15.

3) Living, dwelling, remaining; संपत्स्यन्ते कतिपय- दिनस्थायिहंसा दशार्णाः (saṃpatsyante katipaya- dinasthāyihaṃsā daśārṇāḥ) Me.23.

4) Permanent, firm, steady, invariable, unchangeable. -m.

1) A lasting or permanent feeling; (see sthāyibhāva below); स्थायिनोऽर्थे प्रवर्तन्ते भावाः संचारिणो यथा (sthāyino'rthe pravartante bhāvāḥ saṃcāriṇo yathā) Śi.2.87. -n. Anything lasting, a permanent state or condition.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sthāyin (स्थायिन्).—mfn. (-yī-yinī-yi) 1. Steady, firm, unchangeable, invariable. 2. Who or what stays, or is, &c. f. (-yinī) 1. Standing, staying. 2. Abiding, living. 3. Enduring, continuing, lasting. n. (-yi) Anything lasting, a permanent state or condition. m. (-yī) A class of those feelings or passions which are the objects of poetic description: see the next. E. ṣṭhā to stay, ṇini aff., yuk augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 20 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sthāyibhāva (स्थायिभाव).—m. (-vaḥ) 1. Fixed or permanent condition. 2. A feeling or passion whi...
Cirasthāyin (चिरस्थायिन्).—mfn. (-yī-yinī-yi) Of long continuance. E. cira for cir and sthāyin ...
Sthirasthāyin (स्थिरस्थायिन्).—Adj. Remaining firm or steady, keeping perfectly still, (as in m...
Śiraḥ-sthāyin.—(IA 17), used in the description of a trial by ordeal with reference to the bear...
Uparisthāyin (उपरिस्थायिन्).—a. Standing higher, prominent. Uparisthāyin is a Sanskrit compound...
Antarasthāyin (अन्तरस्थायिन्).—a. 1) inward, internal, inherent; °स्थैर्गुणैः शुभ्रैर्लक्ष्यते ...
Puraḥsthāyin (पुरःस्थायिन्).—a. standing in front.Puraḥsthāyin is a Sanskrit compound consistin...
Mūlasthāyin (मूलस्थायिन्).—m. an epithet of Śiva. Mūlasthāyin is a Sanskrit compound consisting...
Utkuṭasthāyin (उत्कुटस्थायिन्).—(compare prec. and next), lit. remaining in a squatting positio...
Bhava (भव).—m. (-vaḥ) 1. Being, existing, the self-support of something already produced. 2. Bi...
Varṇa (वर्ण) refers to “colour” or “caste”.—The four castes, with the Śūdra as the fourth, are ...
Vyabhicārin (व्यभिचारिन्).—mfn. (-rī-riṇī-ri) 1. Following or doing improper. 2. Going astray, ...
Vibandha (विबन्ध).—m. (-ndhaḥ) Ischury or constipation. E. vi before, bandh to bind, aff. ac .
Kalpānta (कल्पान्त).—m. (-ntaḥ) The destruction of the world, the end of the Kalpa, or four age...
Sañcārin (सञ्चारिन्).—mfn. (-rī-riṇī-ri) 1. Fickle, changeable, not permanent. 2. Moving, going...

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