Stambh, Shtambh: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Stambh means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Stambh (स्तम्भ्) in Sanskrit (or Thambh in Prakrit) means “to stop, paralyze, fix”, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Often magical process: “stop”—of a rock in its fall;—of a vehicle; “paralysis”—of a boat;—an arm; “fixation”—of water and fire;—blood;—mercury. var.: khal “stopping” of a vehicle; “paralysis” of a boat.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Stambh (स्तम्भ्).—1 Ā.; 5, 9 P. (stambhate, stabhnoti, stabhnāti, stambhita or stabdha; the s of the root being changed to after prepositions ending in i or u and also after ava)

1) To stop, hinder, arrest, suppress; कण्ठः स्तम्भितबाष्पवृत्ति- कलुषः (kaṇṭhaḥ stambhitabāṣpavṛtti- kaluṣaḥ) Ś.5.4.

2) To make firm or stiff, to make immoveable.

3) To stupefy, paralyze, benumb; प्राणा दध्वंसिरे गात्रं तस्मम्भे च प्रिये हते (prāṇā dadhvaṃsire gātraṃ tasmambhe ca priye hate) Bhaṭṭikāvya 14.55.

4) To prop support, uphold, sustain.

5) To become stiff, rigid or immoveable.

6) To be proud or elated, be stiff-necked.

7) To occupy, spread; ततः पुण्याहघोषोऽभूद्दिवं स्तब्ध्वेव भारत (tataḥ puṇyāhaghoṣo'bhūddivaṃ stabdhveva bhārata) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.38.19. (The following verse illustrates the root in its different conjugations :-stambhate puruṣaḥ prāyo yauvanena dhanena ca | na stabhnāti kṣitīśo'pi na stabhnoti yuvāpyasau ||). -Caus. (stambhayati-te)

1) To stop, arrest.

2) To make firm or regid.

3) To paralyze.

4) To prop, support.

5) To suppress, check.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stambh (स्तम्भ्).—[(u) stambhu] r. 5th. cl. (stabhnoti) r. 9th. cl. (stabhnāti) 1. To stop, to block, to hinder. 2. To be stupid or insensible; also umbh .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣṭambh (ष्टम्भ्).—see stamb.

--- OR ---

Stambh (स्तम्भ्).—ii. 5, stabhnu, and 9, stabhnā, nī, [Parasmaipada.] 1. To make firm (to create), ved. 2. To stop, to make immovable, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 17, 45. 3. To oppose, to hurtle, [Arjunasamāgama] 6, 13. i. 1, [Ātmanepada.] To become immovable, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 14, 55. Ptcple, of the pf. pass. stabdha, 1. Stopped, blocked up. 2. Immovable, Mahābhārata 3, 2214. 3. Firm, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 76, 1; hard, [Pañcatantra] 190, 17; rigid, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 187, 13; stiff, [Hitopadeśa] 51, 8, M. M. 4. Hard-hearted, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 102. 5. Stubborn, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 18, 28. 6. Coarse, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 2, 8. 7. Stupid, [Śṛṅgāratilaks] 21. 8. Insensible. 9. Indifferent, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 104. 10. Paralysed. [Causal.] 1. To support, Mahābhārata 3, 827. 2. To make immovable, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 148, 10; to stop, Mahābhārata 3, 10378. stambhita, 1. Stopped, contained, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 61; constrained, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 140, 4. 2. Stupified, paralysed, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 75, 17; insensible, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 159, 3.

— With the prep. ava ava, after which the initial st becomes ṣṭ, 1. To bind, [Böhtlingk, Sanskrit Chrestomathy.] 229, verse 178. 2. To rest on, Mahāvīrac. 74, 5. 3. To rely on, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 9, 8. avaṣṭabdha, 1. Supported. 2. Stopped. 3. Paralysed. 4. Opposed. 5. Near, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 9, 72. 6. Hanging from. 7. Surpassed, overcome. 8. Bound. 9. Wrapped up.

— With paryava pari-ava, 1. To surround, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 86, 4; 8. 2. To surround and oppose, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 122, 18.

— With samava sam-ava, To encourage, Chr. 29, 34.

— With ud ud, [Causal.] uttambhaya, To cherish, support, [Kirātārjunīya] 2, 48. uttambhila, 1. Supported, upheld. 2. Erect, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 60, 3. 3. Stopped.

— With ni ni, nistabdha, Stopped. Comp. A-, adj. unconquered, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 9, 89.

— With prati prati, I. pratistabdha, Stopped. Comp. A-, adj. unconquered, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 9, 82. Ii. pratiṣṭabdha, Stopped, obstructed.

— With vi vi, ṣṭambh, 1. To fix (to create), Mahābhārata 1, 6694; with pādau, to stand immovable, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 120. 2. To stop, Mahābhārata 3, 2123; to restrain, Chr. 29, 36. viṣṭabdha, 1. Fixed, well supported, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 296. 2. Placed in or upon. 3. Hindered. 4. Made motionless. [Causal.] To stop, to restrain, Mahābhārata 3, 10314. viṣṭambhita, Stopped, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 106.

— With sam sam, 1. To support, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 3, 43. 2. To corroborate, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 14, 13. 3. To stop, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 63, 47. 4. To hurtle, [Pañcatantra] 190, 15. saṃstabdha, 1. Made firm. 2. Corroborated. 3. Stopped. [Causal.] 1. To corroborate, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 34, 53. 2. To make immovable, Mahābhārata 1, 7291.

— With abhisam abhi-sam, To corroborate, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 64, 11.

— Cf. (cf. stamba); [Old High German.] stamphôn; [Old Norse.] stôfn; [Old High German.] stam; A. S. stemn (based on stambh + na).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stambh (स्तम्भ्).—stabh, stabhnāti, stabhnoti, stambhate (ti), [participle] stabhita & stabdha (q.v.) prop, support, uphold, make firm or steady; [Middle] become firm or rigid. [Causative] stambhāyati & stambhayati, stabhnāti, stabhnoti, stambhate (ti), [participle] stabhita & stabdha (q.v.) prop, support, uphold, make firm or steady; [Middle] become firm or rigid. [Causative] stambhāyati & stambhayate = [Simple], the latter also = make stiff or lame, paralyze, stun, obstruct, suppress.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṣṭambh (ष्टम्भ्):—See √stambh.

2) Stambh (स्तम्भ्):—or stabh (connected with √skambh q.v.; in native lists written stanbh) [class] 5. 9. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxxi, 7]) stabhnoti, stabhnāti (cf. [Pāṇini 3-1, 82]), or [class] 1. [Ātmanepada] ([x, 26]) stambhate ([present participle] also stambhat, [Harivaṃśa], stabhamāna q.v. [Aitareya-āraṇyaka]; [perfect tense] tastambha, mbhat, tastabhuḥ, p. tastabhvas, vānd, [Ṛg-veda]; tastabhāna, tastambhe, [Mahābhārata]; [Aorist] astambhīt; astāmpsīt, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]; astabhat [grammar]; [future] stambhitā, bhiṣyati, [ib.]; [infinitive mood] stabdhum, [Kathāsaritsāgara]; [indeclinable participle] stabdhvā, [Atharva-veda] etc.; stambhitvā, [Mahābhārata]; -stabhya and -stambham, [Brāhmaṇa]),

2) —to fix firmly, support, sustain, prop ([especially] the heavens), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa];

2) —to support or hold up by contact with, reach up to ([accusative]), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa];

2) —to stop, stop up, arrest, make stiff or immovable, paralyze, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

2) — ([Ātmanepada]) to rest or lean on ([locative case]), [Harṣacarita];

2) —to become stiff or immovable, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya];

2) —to become solid, [Mahābhārata xii, 6807] :—[Passive voice] stabhyate ([Aorist] astambhi), to be firmly fixed or supported or propped etc., [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.:—[Causal] stabhāyati, to make firm, support, [Ṛg-veda];

2) —to stop, arrest, [ib.];

2) — stambhayati, te ([Aorist] atastambhat), to fix, establish, erect, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

2) —to make stiff or rigid, paralyze, [Suśruta];

2) —to make solid, [ib.];

2) —to stop, arrest (also by magic), suppress, check, restrain, [ib.] :—[Desiderative] tistambhiṣati [grammar]:—[Intensive] tāstabhyate[ib.]

3) cf. [Greek] στέμφυλον, στέμβω, στείβω; [Lithuanian] stambras, stimbras; [German] stampfôn, stampfen; [English] stamp, stump.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Stambh (स्तम्भ्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Thaṃbha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Stambh in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Stambh in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) a column; pillar; stem; stupefaction, torpor; see ~[na;-lekhaka] a columnist, column-writer..—stambh (स्तंभ) is alternatively transliterated as Staṃbha.

context information

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Stambh is another spelling for स्तम्भ [stambha].—n. column; a pillar; post;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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