Stabdha: 19 definitions


Stabdha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Stabdh.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Stabdha (स्तब्ध):—Stiffness

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Stabdha (स्तब्ध, “paralyzed”) refers to one of the sixty defects of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these defects [e.g., stabdha—paralyzed], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. [...] Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...]”.

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Stabdha (स्तब्ध) refers to “fixed ”, according to Tantric texts such as the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “Form (rūpa) is the Transmission of the Sacred Seats (pīṭhakrama). (There) the goddess (shines with the) lustre of a blue cloud and collyrium. She has twelve arms and six faces. She is accompanied by six energies: [i.e., stabdha-akṣī (Fixed Gaze), ...]. The Naked (nagnā) Kubjikā, established in Form, is in the midst of the Transmission of the Child. Aflame with the Doomsday Fire, she is extremely fierce and frightening. The bestower of the divine Command, she can be approached (only) by means of the master’s teaching”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Kama-shastra (the science of Love-making)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kāmasūtra)

Stabdha (स्तब्ध) (Cf. Stabdhatva) refers to the “inert” (state) (of the penis), according to the Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyana and Jaśodhara’s commentary called the Jayamaṅgalā .—Accordingly, “[Commentary on verse 7.2.2]:—‘about to practice sex’: at the beginning of the sexual act. This is at the start [of the sexual act]. Even if the passion is weak with regards to sex because the penis is inert (stabdha-liṅgatva), first ‘her genitalia’, i.e. her vulva, should be rubbed with his hand, should be stimulated with the ‘elephant trunk’ [method]...”.

Kamashastra book cover
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Kamashastra (कामशास्त्र, kāmaśāstra) deals with ancient Indian science of love-making, passion, emotions and other related topics dealing with the pleasures of the senses.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Stabdha in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Stabdha (स्तब्ध) refers to “(being) immobilized”, according to verse 6.21.14 of the Mokṣopāya.—Accordingly, as Bhuśuṇḍa said to Vasiṣṭha: “When mundane activity in the usual state of the world has fallen [into disarray] at the end of [the world's] duration, then I leave my nest like an ungrateful person  [leaves] a good friend. I remain in the ether, all my conceptual thinking has disappeared, and my constitution and body are immobilized (stabdha) so that my mind is without habitual tendencies. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Stabdha (स्तब्ध) refers to a “firmly fixed (glance)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, “Now the Bhagavān was residing in the abode of Brahmā. [...] [There was] the Garuḍa Lord, the Great King, the one with golden wings, [...]. His head was bound with a crown and a fillet. He was decorated with golden ornaments. He had a firmly fixed glance (stabdha-dṛṣṭi) of dreadful character and a seat made by a serpent lord. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

stabdha (स्तब्ध).—p (S) Stopped, arrested in progress, brought to a stand, lit. fig.: also obstructed, hindered, made to stay still. 2 Sturdy of mind, strong of resolution or purpose, unflinching, unbending, propositi tenax. A popular use. Also (as in Children's Friend, Page 292) Fixed in thought. 3 Stiffened, become rigid. 4 Paralysed.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

stabdha (स्तब्ध).—p Stopped; stiffened. Fixed in thought.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Stabdha (स्तब्ध).—p. p. [stambh karmaṇi kartari vā kta]

1) Stopped, blocked up, obstructed.

2) Paralysed, senseless, stupefied, benumbed.

3) Motionless, immoveable; किंचित् किंचिच्छकृ- न्मुञ्चन् मूत्रयन् स्तब्धलोचनः (kiṃcit kiṃcicchakṛ- nmuñcan mūtrayan stabdhalocanaḥ) Bhāgavata 1.36.3.

4) Fixed, firm, hard, rigid, stiff.

5) Obstinate, stubborn, hard-hearted, stern; आत्मसंभाविताः स्तब्धा धनमानमदान्विताः (ātmasaṃbhāvitāḥ stabdhā dhanamānamadānvitāḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 16.17.

6) Coarse.

7) Solidified (as water).

8) Tardy, slack; inactive; सद्भिराचरितः पन्था येन स्तब्धेन दूषितः (sadbhirācaritaḥ panthā yena stabdhena dūṣitaḥ) Bhāgavata 4.2.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Stabdha (स्तब्ध).—m., name of some demoniac being, in a list of such: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 401.5 (one ms. skabdho); WT state that Tibetan reads reṅs pa, stiff (used in rendering forms of Sanskrit stabh, as e.g. stambha Mahāvyutpatti 7339).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stabdha (स्तब्ध).—mfn.

(-bdhaḥ-bdhā-bdhaṃ) 1. Stopped, blocked, or shut up. 2. Firm, hard, stiff, rigid. 3. Stupid, dull, insensible. 4. Paralyzed. 5. Obstinate, stubborn, hard-hearted. 6. Coarse. E. stabhi to stop, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stabdha (स्तब्ध).—[adjective] stiff, rigid, immovable, [neuter] [adverb] Abstr. [feminine], tva [feminine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Stabdha (स्तब्ध):—a etc. See p. 1258, col. 1.

2) [from stabh] b mfn. firmly fixed, supported, propped etc.

3) [v.s. ...] reaching up to (loc.), [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] stiff, rigid, immovable, paralyzed, senseless, dull (am ind.), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] solidified (as water), [Harivaṃśa]

6) [v.s. ...] puffed up, proud, arrogant, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Bhagavad-gītā] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] tardy, slack, slow (?), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

8) [v.s. ...] obstinate, stubborn, hard-hearted, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

9) [v.s. ...] coarse, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stabdha (स्तब्ध):—[(bdhaḥ-bdhā-bdhaṃ) a.] Stopped; stiff; stupid.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Stabdha (स्तब्ध) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṭhaḍḍha, Thaḍḍha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Stabdha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Stabdha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Stabdha (स्तब्ध) [Also spelled stabdh]:—(a) stupefied; stilled; stunned, flabbergasted; spastic; ~[tā/tva] spasticity; stupefaction; stillness; ~[mati] stupid, dullard.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Stabdha (ಸ್ತಬ್ಧ):—

1) [adjective] firmly fixed.

2) [adjective] not moving, shaking; still.

3) [adjective] lacking normal intelligence; foolish.

--- OR ---

Stabdha (ಸ್ತಬ್ಧ):—

1) [noun] an adamant, ruthless, cruel man.

2) [noun] (dance.) a posture of the thighs, in which thighs are not shaken.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Stabdha (स्तब्ध):—adj. stupefied; stunned; motionless; inert; dumbfounded;

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Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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