Sruva, Shruva, Śruva, Śruvā, Sruvā: 10 definitions

Introduction

Sruva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śruva and Śruvā can be transliterated into English as Sruva or Shruva, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography

Sruk (स्रुक्) and Sruva (स्रुव) are two different kinds of spoons, used to take out ghee from the ghee-pot and pour it out to the sacred fire in the sacrifices. The former of these has a hemispherical bowl, while the other is haped very much like a modern spoon.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Sruva (स्रुव) refers to one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments. Certain utensils and other objects that are commonly found in the hands of the images are, for example Sruva.

Sruk and sruva are two different kinds of spoons, used to take out ghee from the ghee-pot and pour it out over the sacred fire in the sacrifices. The former of these has a hemispherical bowl, while the latter is shaped very much like a modern spoon. A sruk of large proportion is generally carried by the Goddess Annapūrṇa.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sruva (स्रुव).—A sacrificial utensil.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 32.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Sruva (स्रुव) refers to a “ladle”, according to the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras.—“If the juhū has been elsewhere employed, let it be done with a ladle (sruva). The offering is made in the Āhavanīya fire”. Commentary: The juhū is a sruc, a spoon, the sruva, a ladle.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Sruva (स्रुव) as opposed to Sruc, denotes in the ritual literature a ‘small ladle’ used to convey the offering (Ājya) from the cooking-pot (sthālī) to the ‘large ladle’ (juhū). In the Rigveda, however, it was clearly used for the actual Soma libation.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śruva (श्रुव).—

1) A sacrifice.

2) A sacrificial ladle.

Derivable forms: śruvaḥ (श्रुवः).

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Śruvā (श्रुवा).—A sacrificial ladle; cf. स्रुवा (sruvā).

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Sruva (स्रुव) or Sruvā (स्रुवा).—

1) A sacrificial ladle; चरूणां स्रुक्स्रुवाणां च शुद्धिरुष्णेन वारिणा (carūṇāṃ sruksruvāṇāṃ ca śuddhiruṣṇena vāriṇā) Ms.5.117.

2) A Soma ladle.

3) A spring, cascade.

Derivable forms: sruvaḥ (स्रुवः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śruva (श्रुव).—m.

(-vaḥ) Sacrifice, oblation. nf.

(-vaṃ-vā) A sort of ladle used for pouring Ghee or oiled butter at a sacrifice. E. śru to ooze or leak, aff. ka .

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Sruva (स्रुव).—mf.

(-vaḥ-vā) A ladle with a double extremity, or two oval collateral excavations made of Khadira-wood, and used to pour Ghee upon the sacrificial fire. f.

(-vā) 1. A shrub, (Sanseviera zeylanica.) 3. A tree, (Boswellia thurifera.) E. snu to drop or ooze, (from or by it,) aff. ka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sruva (स्रुव).—[masculine] a small sacrificial ladle.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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