Sragdhara, Sragdharā, Sraj-dhara: 11 definitions


Sragdhara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Sragdharā (स्रग्धरा) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first four, the sixth, the seventh, the fourteenth, the fifteenth, the seventeenth, the eighteenth, the twentieth and the twenty-first syllables of a foot (pāda) are heavy (guru), while the rest of the syllables are light (laghu).


Sragdharā falls in the Prakṛti class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing twenty-one syllables each.

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Sragdharā (स्रग्धरा) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) of the Vṛtta-type (akṣarachandas: metres regulated by akṣaras, syllabes).—The metre, Sragdharā comprises twenty one syllables in every quarter and the gaṇas therein are ma, ra, bha, na, ya, ya and ya. This metre is found to be employed in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Sragdhara in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Sragdharā (स्रग्धरा) refers to one of the 27 metres mentioned in the Suvṛttatilaka ascribed to Kṣemendra (11th century). The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody considered as unique in its nature. In this work Kṣemendra neither introduces any new metre nor discusses all the metres used in his time. He discusses 27 popular metres (e.g., Sragdharā) which were used frequently by the poets.

2) Sragdharā (स्रग्धरा) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Sragdharā) in 20 verses.

3) Sragdharā (स्रग्धरा) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., sragdharā) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

4) Sragdharā (स्रग्धरा) refers to one of the 34 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the Vṛttamaṇimañjūṣā, whose authorship could be traced (also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXXI. p. 7).

5) Sragdharā (स्रग्धरा) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (e.g., the sragdharā metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sragdhara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sragdhara (स्रग्धर).—a. wearing a garland; Gīt.12.

- Name of a metre.

Sragdhara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sraj and dhara (धर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sragdharā (स्रग्धरा).—a name or form of Tārā: Sādhanamālā 223.23 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sragdhara (स्रग्धर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Wearing a garland. f.

(-rā) A species of the Prakriti metre, a stanza of four lines of 21 syllables, and each line divided into three portions of seven syllables each. E. sraj a chaplet, and dhara who has.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sragdhara (स्रग्धर).—[adjective] wearing a garland; [feminine] ā [Name] of a metre.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sragdhara (स्रग्धर):—[=srag-dhara] [from srag > sraj] mf(ā)n. wearing a g°, crowned with ([compound]; surabhi-dh, ‘wearing a fragrant g°’), [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

2) Sragdharā (स्रग्धरा):—[=srag-dharā] [from srag-dhara > srag > sraj] f. a kind of metre (consisting of four times ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ ˘ ¯ ¯, ˘ ˘ ˘ ˘ ˘ ˘ ¯, ¯ ˘ ¯ ¯ ˘ ¯ ¯), [Piṅgala Scholiast, i.e. halāyudha]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a goddess, [Buddhist literature]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sragdhara (स्रग्धर):—[sra-gdhara] (raḥ-rā-raṃ) a. Idem.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sragdharā (स्रग्धरा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saddharā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sragdhara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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