Sphur: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Sphur means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sphur (स्फुर्).—6 P. (sphurati, sphurita)

1) (a) To throb, palpitate (as eyes &c.); शान्तमिदमाश्रमपदं स्फुरति च बाहुः कुतः फल- मिहास्य (śāntamidamāśramapadaṃ sphurati ca bāhuḥ kutaḥ phala- mihāsya) Ś.1.16; स्फुरता वामकेनापि दाक्षिण्यमवलम्ब्यते (sphuratā vāmakenāpi dākṣiṇyamavalambyate) Māl. 1.8; अभिमतफलशंसी चारु पुस्फोर बाहुः (abhimataphalaśaṃsī cāru pusphora bāhuḥ) Bhaṭṭikāvya 1.27; स्फुरति हृदयं वाहय रथम् (sphurati hṛdayaṃ vāhaya ratham) Pratimā 3.1. (b) To shake, tremble, quiver, vibrate in general; स्फुरदधरनासापुटतया (sphuradadharanāsāpuṭatayā) Uttararāmacarita 1.29; 6.33.

2) To twitch, struggle, become agitated; हतं पृथिव्यां करुणं स्फुरन्तम् (hataṃ pṛthivyāṃ karuṇaṃ sphurantam) Rām.

3) To start, dart, spring forward; पुस्फुरुर्वृषभाः परम् (pusphururvṛṣabhāḥ param) Bhaṭṭikāvya 14.46.

4) To spring back, rebound (as a bow.).

5) To spring or break forth, shoot out, spring up, rise forth; धर्मतः स्फुरति निर्मलं यशः (dharmataḥ sphurati nirmalaṃ yaśaḥ) Kumārasambhava 3.68.

6) To start into view, become visible or manifest, appear clearly, become displayed; मुखात् स्फुरन्तीं को हर्तुमिच्छति हरेः परिभूय दंष्ट्राम् (mukhāt sphurantīṃ ko hartumicchati hareḥ paribhūya daṃṣṭrām) Mu.1.8; रचितरुचिरभूषां दृष्टिमोषे प्रदोषे स्फुरति निरवसादां कापि राधां जगाद (racitarucirabhūṣāṃ dṛṣṭimoṣe pradoṣe sphurati niravasādāṃ kāpi rādhāṃ jagāda) Gītagovinda 11.

7) To flash, scintillate, sparkle, glitter, gleam, shine; स्फुरतु कुचकुम्भयोरुपरि मणिमञ्जरी रञ्जयतु तव हृदयदेशम् (sphuratu kucakumbhayorupari maṇimañjarī rañjayatu tava hṛdayadeśam) Gītagovinda 1; (tayā) स्फुरत्प्रभामण्डलया चकाशे (sphuratprabhāmaṇḍalayā cakāśe) Kumārasambhava 1.24; R.3.6;5.51; Meghadūta 15,27.

8) To shine, distinguish oneself, become eminent; जातस्तु गण्यते सोऽत्र यः स्फुरत्यन्वयाधिकम् (jātastu gaṇyate so'tra yaḥ sphuratyanvayādhikam) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.27.

9) To flash on the mind, rush suddenly into memory.

1) To go tremulously.

11) To bruise, destroy. -Caus. (sphārayati-te, sphorayati-te)

1) To cause to throb or vibrate.

2) To cause to shine, irradiate.

3) To throw, cast. -With अप (apa) to shine forth or out. अभि (abhi)

1) to spread or be diffused, expand.

2) to become known.

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Sphur (स्फुर्).—(at the end of a compound) quivering, throbbing; ततः सपत्नापनयस्मरणानुशयस्फुरा (tataḥ sapatnāpanayasmaraṇānuśayasphurā) Śiśupālavadha 2.14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sphur (स्फुर्).—r. 6th cl. (sphurati) 1. To throb, to beat. 2. To move. 3. To swell. 4. To struggle. 5. To start, to dart. 6. To spring back, to rebound. 7. To break forth. 8. To start into view. 9. To flash, to scintillate. 10. To shine. 11. To flash on the mind. 12. To go tremulously. 13. To bruise, to destroy. With abhi, 1. To expand. 2. To become known. With pra, 1. To tremble. 2. To expand. 3. To spread wide. With vi, 1. To tremble. 2. To struggle. 3. To glitter. 4. To draw, to twang, (as a bow.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sphur (स्फुर्).—also sphar Sphar, (which appears only in the [Causal.] and derivative nouns; nevertheless, it is the original form, its a being changed to u by the combined influence of the preceding labial and the accent of the sixth conj. cl.), i. 6, [Parasmaipada.] 1. To tremble, Mahābhārata 3, 1867; to palpitate, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 143, 14; to throb, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 5, 5. 2. To struggle, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 123; to rebound, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 48, 83. 3. To break forth, [Gītagovinda. ed. Lassen.] 11, 1; [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 59 (puraḥ sphurant, Springing up before one’s eyes). 4. To flash, to shine, to sparkle, [Gītagovinda. ed. Lassen.] 10, 6; [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 52; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 33; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 136. 5. To destroy (ved.). sphurita, 1. Shaken. 2. Trembling, [Pañcatantra] 64, 15; throbbing. 3. Glittering, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 15; shining, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 40, 10. 4. Swollen. n. 1. Trembling, motion, Mahābhārata 1, 1258. 2. Throbbing of the eyelids, the quivering of the lip, [Kumārasaṃbhava, (ed. Stenzler.)] 7, 18. [Causal.] sphāraya, and † sphoraya, To cast, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 66, 8. sphārita, 1. Throbbing, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 60, 12. 2. Spread, large, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 552.

— With abhi abhi, abhisphurita, 1. Expanded, in full bloom. 2. Known.

— With pari pari, parisphurita, 1. Glanced. 2. Glancing. 3. Expanded, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 72, 10.

— With pra pra, To tremble, Mahābhārata 3, 11498. prasphurita, 1. Trembling, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 22, 112. 2. Swollen, [Pañcatantra] 220, 1. 3. Budded.

— With vi vi, 1. To tremble, Mahābhārata 3, 15639. 2. To struggle, Mahābhārata 1, 6001. 3. To glitter, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 26, 283. visphurita, 1. Tremulous, shaken, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 117, 10. 2. Swollen, enlarged. [Causal.] sphāraya, 1. To draw (a bow), [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 30, 28; [Kirātārjunīya] 17, 24. 2. To cause to flash, Mahābhārata 3, 404. visphārita, 1. Trembling. 2. Flashing, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 54, 19. 3. Twanged or drawn, as a bowstring, [Kirātārjunīya] 14, 31. 4. Evident.

— Cf. (i. e. + the Sskr. ph is produced by the influence of s), probably the ved. use shows that hither belong also A. S. spurnan; A. S. spura; probably [Latin] sperno. Cf. skhal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sphur (स्फुर्).—sphurati sphurate [participle] sphurita jerk, dart, kick (tr. & [intransitive]); quiver, tremble, glitter, sparkle, start into view, appear, arise.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sphur (स्फुर्):—1. sphur (cf.sphar) [class] 6. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxviii, 95]) sphurati (mc. also te; p. sphurat and sphuramāṇa qq.vv.; only in [present tense] base, but See apa-√sphur; [grammar] also [perfect tense] pusphora, pusphure; [future] sphuritā, sphuriṣyati; [Aorist] asphorīt; Prec. sphūryāt; [infinitive mood] sphuritum),

—to spurn, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda];

—to dart, bound, rebound, spring, [Ṛg-veda; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature];

—to tremble, throb, quiver, palpitate, twitch (as the nerves of the arm, [Śakuntalā]), struggle, [Kauśika-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.;

—to flash, glitter, gleam, glisten, twinkle, sparkle, [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.;

—to shine, be brilliant or distinguished, [Rājataraṅgiṇī; Kathāsaritsāgara; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa];

—to break forth, burst out plainly or visibly, start into view, be evident or manifest, become displayed or expanded, [Nṛsiṃha-tāpanīya-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.;

—to hurt, destroy, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska ii, 19] :

—[Causal] sphorayati ([Aorist] apusphurat or apuspharat), to stretch, draw or bend (a bow), [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya] ;

—to adduce an argument, [Śaṃkarācārya [Scholiast or Commentator]];

—to cause to shine, eulogize, praise excessively, [Pañcadaṇḍacchattra-prabandha];

sphurayati, to fill with ([instrumental case]), [Lalita-vistara] :—[Desiderative] pusphuriṣati [grammar]:—[Intensive] posphuryate, posphorti.

2) cf. [Greek] σπαίρω, σφυρόν; [Latin] sperno; [Lithuanian] spírti; [German] sporo, spor, Sporn; [English] spur, spurn.

3) 2. sphur (ifc.) quivering, trembling, throbbing, [Śiśupāla-vadha ii, 14.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sphur (स्फुर्):—(śa) sphurati 6. a. To throb, move, swell.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sphur (स्फुर्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Phura.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sphur in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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