Smaya, Smāya: 9 definitions



Smaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Smaya (स्मय, “astonishment”).—One of the eight ‘permanent states’ (sthāyibhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7.31. These ‘permanent states’ are called ‘the source of delight’ and are not interfered with by other States. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.43-44)

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Smaya (स्मय).—A son of Vasiṣṭha and a Prajāpati of the Svārociṣa epoch.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 9.

1b) Born of Puṣṭi.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 51.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Smaya (स्मय).—[smi-ac]

1) Astonishment, wonder, surprise.

2) Arrogance, pride, haughtiness, conceit; तस्मै स्मयावेश- विवर्जिताय (tasmai smayāveśa- vivarjitāya) R.5.19; प्रभवः स्मयदूषिताः (prabhavaḥ smayadūṣitāḥ) Bh.3.2,69; Mu. 2.22; विधृतायोधनस्मयां (vidhṛtāyodhanasmayāṃ) (senām) Śiva B.25.29.

Derivable forms: smayaḥ (स्मयः).

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Smāya (स्माय).—A gentle smile; स्मायावलोकलवदर्शितभावहारि (smāyāvalokalavadarśitabhāvahāri) ... Bhāg.1.61.4.

Derivable forms: smāyaḥ (स्मायः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Smaya (स्मय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Pride, arrogance. 2. Surprise, astonishment. E. smi to smile, ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Smaya (स्मय).—i. e. smi + a, m. 1. Surprise, astonishment. 2. Arrogance, pride, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 2; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Smaya (स्मय).—[masculine] astonishment, wonder; arrogance, pride in (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Smaya (स्मय):—a etc. See [column]3.

2) [from smi] b m. (ifc. f(ā). ) smiling at anything, wonder, surprise, astonishment, [Mahābhārata; Bhartṛhari] ([varia lectio])

3) [v.s. ...] arrogance, conceit, pride in or at ([compound]), [Raghuvaṃśa; Daśakumāra-carita; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] Pride (personified as the son of Dharma and Puṣṭi), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Smaya (स्मय):—(yaḥ) 1. m. Pride; surprise.

[Sanskrit to German]

Smaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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