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Sisupala, aka: Shishupala, Śiśupāla; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sisupala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

Śiśupāla (शिशुपाल).—A son of Śrutaśravas and Damaghoṣa; in previous births, Hiraṇyakaśipu killed by Narasimha and Rāvaṇa (Daśagrīva) killed by Rāma; a hater of Hari but was shown grace by Kṛṣṇa;1 attacked the northern gate of Mathurā and Gomanta when they were besieged by Jarāsandha;2 engaged by Bhīṣmaka for his daughter Rukmiṇī under the influence of Rukmin, his eldest son; defeated by Kṛṣṇa who carried off Rukmiṇī; consoled by his friends that Time was not in his favour he returned to his city.3 Protested against the place of honour being given to Kṛṣṇa when Brahmaṛṣis and Rājaṛṣis were available. He vilified him as a cowherd given to drinking and not an observer of Varṇadharma. While the Pāṇḍavas drew their swords, Kṛṣṇa cut off his head.4 His friend was Śālva who summoned a conference at Kuṇḍina to which Śiśupāla went.5 As he died remembering the Lord, he attained mokṣa;6 (see Caidya). Maitreya asked Parāśara how it was that though he was killed by the Lords Narasimha and Rāma, Hiraṇyakaśipu did not attain salvation but was reborn as Śisupāla, and how he attained it when killed by Kṛṣṇa; Parāśara replied that neither Hiraṇyakaśipu nor Rāvaṇa knew that Narasimha or Rāma were the avatārs of Viṣṇu; Śiśupāla knew in his heart of hearts that Kṛṣṇa was God Viṣṇu and welcomed death at his hands. Hence his salvation.7

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 40; VII. 1. 17; X. 60. 18; 29. 13; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa 71. 158-59; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 157-58.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 50. 11 [7]; 52. 11 [15].
  • 3) Ib. X. 53 (whole); 54. 9-17; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 26. 3 and 7.
  • 4) Ib. X. 74 (whole).
  • 5) Ib. X. 57. 19; 76. 2 [10]; 78. [5]; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 45. 52.
  • 6) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 10. 38; XI. 5. 48; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 29. 122.
  • 7) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 15. 1-15.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Sisupala was born in the line of the king of Chedi with three eyes and four hands. Just when their parents wanted to abonden them a voice said:

"This thy son, O king, that hath been born will become both fortunate and superior in strength. Therefore thou hast no fear from him. Indeed cherish the child without anxiety. "

(Mahabharata, 2nd book, section xlii)

He was also called 'Sunitha' (Mahabharata, 2nd book, section xxxviii).

He was noted as a "Principal Kshatriya" (Mahabharata, 2nd book, section iv)

According to the Mahabharata, 2nd book, section xxxiii:

"(and) ...king Sisupala endued with great energy and invincible in battle... (all) ...came to the sacrifice of the son of Pandu"

And (Mahabharata, 2nd book, xxxix)

"Vishnu hath been desirous of taking back unto himself the energy that existeth in this Sisupala"

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Śiśupāla (शिशुपाल).—A king who was an enemy of Kṛṣṇa. The son of Damaghoṣa and King of Cedi. He was an incarnation of Jaya, a gatekeeper of Vaikuṇṭha. He was killed by Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa during the Rājasūya sacrifice.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Shishupala was the King of Chedi Kingdom. He was born with three eyes and four hands. As soon as he was born, he screamed and brayed like an ass. His parents and relatives were struck with fear on account of these ill omens. An incorporeal voice from the heavens said, "This boy will be a great warrior. If you place this child in the lap of his slayer, its excess arms and eye will fall off!".

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Shishupala was son of Damaghosha, king of Chedi, by Srutadeva, sister of Vasudeva. Therefore he was not only cousin of Krishna, but also Krishna's implacable foe, because Krishna had carried off Rukmini, his intended wife. He was slain by Krishna at the great sacrifice of Yudhishthira in punishment of opprobrious abuse.

The Mahabharata states that Sisupala was born with three eyes and four arms. His parents were inclined to cast him out, but were warned by a voice not to do so, as his time was not come. It also foretold that his superfluous members should disappear when a certain person took the child into his lap, and that he would eventually die by the hands of that same person. Krishna placed the child on his knees and the extra eye and arms disappeared indicating Shishupala's death was destined at the hands of Krishna.

Shishupala or Sisupala (Sanskrit: शिशुपाल, IAST: Śiśupāla);

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

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