Sihapura, Sīhapura, Siha-pura: 4 definitions



Sihapura means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Sihapura. A city, built by the third son of King Upacara of the Mahasammata dynasty. J.iii.460.

2. Sihapura. A town in Lala, from which Vijaya and his followers went to Ceylon. It was founded by Sihabahu, who became its first king (; Dpv.ix.4, 5, 43).

Tilokasundari, consort of Vijayabahu I., was born in Sihapura (Cv.lix.46). It was to the north of Kalinga. The south eastern district of Chutia Nagpur, to the west of Bengal, is still called Singhabhum. Cv.Trs.i.213, n.1.

3. Sihapura. A suburb of Pulatthipura, in which was the Kusinara vihara. Cv.lxxviii.84.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Sīhapura or Siṃapura.—Lāṭarāṣṭra is identical with the old Lāṭa kingdom of Gujarat, the capital city of which is stated in the Dīpavaṃśa to have been Siṃapura (Sīhapura). Also see Lāṭa: a place-name classified as a viṣaya and mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The country south of Mahī or at times south of the Narbadā up to the Pūrva or so far as Daman, was called Lāṭa and ‘it corresponded roughly with Southern Gujarat’.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

1) Sīhapura (सीहपुर) is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—In the Cetiya Jātaka we are told that four sons of the King of Ceti built five cities: Hatthipura, Assapura, Sīhapura, Uttarā Pañcāla, and Daddarapura. Sīhapura was named from a maned lion. It is difficult to identity the cities named in this Jātaka. Sīhapura, however, may be taken to represent Yuan Chwang’s Seng-ho-pu-lo, or Singhapura situated at 700 li or 117 miles to the east of Taxila. But this is a mere conjecture and the Jātaka story cannot possibly be surmised to relate to the Gandhāra region.

The Mahāvaṃsa tells us that in Sīhapura, on the death of King Sīhavāhu, his Son Sumitta became king, and married the daughter of the Madda King and had three sons by her.

2) Sīhapura (सीहपुर) is also the name of a locality situated in Aparāntaka (western district) of ancient India.—Lāḷaraṭṭha is mentioned in the Dīpavaṃsa and Mahāvaṃsa as a kingdom ruled over by a King name Sīhavāhu. Lāḷaraṭṭha is Sanskrit Lātarāṣṭra and is evidently identical with the old Lāta kingdom of Gujerat, the Larike of Ptolemy, the capital city of which is stated in the Dīpavaṃsa to have been Sīhapura.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Sīhapura (सीहपुर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saiṃhapura.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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