Siha, Sīha: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Siha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Siha. A Licchavi general of Vesali. He was a follower of the Niganthas. When the Buddha visited Vesali, Siha, having heard reports of his greatness, wished to see him, but Nigantha Nataputta dissuaded him, saying that Gotama denied the result of actions and was not worth a visit. But in the end Siha, accompanied by five hundred chariots, went to the Buddha. Having discovered in conversation with the Buddha that he was falsely accused of preaching wrong doctrines, Siha declared himself the Buddhas follower. The Buddha accepted his adherence on condition that he would continue to give alms to any Niganthas who sought them at his house. This generosity made Siha honour the Buddha even more highly, and he invited him and the monks to a meal on the next day. Meat formed one of the dishes, and the Niganthas went about Vesali crying that Siha had killed a large ox to provide meat for the Buddha and his monks and that the food had been accepted. This was the occasion for the formulation of the rule that no monk should eat flesh where he has reason to believe that the animal had been specially killed for him (Vin.i.233f.; A.iv.179f.; see also the Telovada Jataka).

Siha was, at one time, one of the most famous patrons of the Niganthas, the others being Upaligahapati of Nalanda, and Vappa, the Sakiyan of Kapilavatthu (AA.ii.751).

The Anguttara Nikaya (A.iii.38f; iv.79f ) contains two discussions, in more or less identical terms, in which Siha asks the Buddha if it is possible to show the visible results of giving. The Buddha, by means of a counter question, elicits from Siha that the giver has his reward in this world itself, and in the end Siha acknowledges that he has experienced the benefits which the Buddha set forth.

Siha had a niece, Siha.

2. Siha Thera. He was born in the family of a raja in the Malla country and visited the Buddha. The Buddha preached to him a sermon suitable to his temperament, and he entered the Order. He lived in the forest in meditation, but his thoughts were distracted. The Buddha, seeing this, went through the air and spoke to him alone, asking him to persevere. Thus incited, he strove hard and attained arahantship.

He was once a kinnara on the banks of the Candabhaga, and seeing Atthadassi Buddha journeying through the air, he stood still, gazing at him with clasped hands. The Buddha alighted and sat under a tree, where the kinnara offered him flowers and sandalwood. Siha was three times king, under the name of Rohini (ThagA.i.179). He is probably identical with Candanapujaka of the Apadana. Ap.i.165.

3. Siha. A novice who entered the Order at the age of seven and was a great favourite among the monks for his charm. He was much liked by the Buddha. He was a student under Nagita, and was with him when the Buddha once stayed in Vesali.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Shodhganga: A cultural study on the jain western Indian illustrated manuscripts

Sīha (सीह, “lion”).—The third of “fourteen dreams” of Triśalā.—The Lion appeared like a heap of pearls, a river of milk, comparable with moon beams, and fair complexioned. He had fine looking paws, protruding moving tongue as hey He possessed benign countenance.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sīha : (m.) a lion.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sīha, (Vedic siṃha) 1. a lion D. II, 255; S. I, 16; A. II, 33, 245; III, 121; Sn. 72; J. I, 165; Miln. 400; Nd2 679 (=migarājā); VbhA. 256, 398 (with pop. etym. “sahanato ca hananato ca sīho ti vuccati”); J. V, 425 (women like the lion); KhA 140; often used as an epithet of the Buddha A. II, 24; III, 122; S. I, 28; It. 123; fem. sīhī lioness J. II, 27; III, 149, and sīhinī Miln. 67.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sīha (सीह).—m. (= Pali, Prakrit id.; MIndic for siṃha), lion: Mahāvastu i.227.1 = ii.30.4 (verse); ii.59.15 (see siṃhāṅgada); v.l. siṃha in all; see also next, where no v.l. siṃha-.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sīha (सीह):—See sugandhi-s, p. 1222, col. 3.

[Sanskrit to German]

Siha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Siha (सिह) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Spṛh.

2) Sihā (सिहा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Śikhā.

2) Sihā has the following synonyms: Sihalī.

3) Sīha (सीह) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Siṃha.

4) Sīha (सीह) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Saiṃha.

5) Sīha (सीह) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Siṃha.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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