Siddhaya, Siddhāya: 3 definitions

Introduction:

Siddhaya means something in the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geography

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Siddhāya (land-tax) refers to “land-tax”, and was a major source of income during the rule of the Śilāhāra dynasty (r. 765-1215 A.D.).—There were various sources of revenue to meet the expenditure of the State. The main source was, of course, the land-tax, called siddhāya in many Śilāhāra inscriptions. In some records it is called bhūmi-deṇaka. It was usually one sixth of the produce.

According to the Bṛhaspati-smṛti cited by Aparārka, a Brāhmaṇa who himself tills his field should pay one sixth of the produce to the king, one twentieth to (the temples of) gods in the locality, and thirtieth to the Brāhmaṇas; but whether this rule was observed in practice is not known. The land-revenue was paid partly in cash (in drammas) and partly in grains (especially in the case of rice-fields), as appears from Śilāhāra inscriptions.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Siddha-aya.—(EI 23; SII 11-2; ASLV), fixed income; regular income; same as Tamil sidd-āyam, sometimes explained as ‘a tax’ (EI 27); probably, agricultural income. (SITI), a fixed assessment; minor taxes; minor taxes payable in cash in the days of the Vijayanagara kings; also written in Tamil as sidd-āyam, sitta-ayam. See pratiṣiddha-aya. Note: siddha-aya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Siddhaya (सिद्धय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Siddhaka.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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