Shyamaruna, Śyāmāruṇa, Śyāmāruṇā, Shyama-aruna: 3 definitions

Introduction:

Shyamaruna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śyāmāruṇa and Śyāmāruṇā can be transliterated into English as Syamaruna or Shyamaruna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Shyamaruna in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Śyāmāruṇā (श्यामारुणा) refers to “she who has a dark-blue and red color”.—Kālī, who as her name tells us with its double meaning, is both Lady Time and the Black Lady, is in an apparently paradoxical manner described as radiant light (bhāsā). Kubjikā also possesses these two aspects. In her case however, although she is also sometimes said to be dark blue (śyāmā) or dark blue and red (śyāmāruṇā), her brightness, rather than darkness, is more frequently emphasized in the forms, myths and sacred geography associated with her.

2) Śyāmāruṇa (श्यामारुण) refers to the color(s) “dark blue and red” according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] (4) One should think of the Wheel of Unstruck Sound above that (in the heart) as white and red. In the middle of that is the Great Sound (mahārāva), the most excellent Heart of the Yoginī, which is said to be dark blue, and red [i.e., śyāmāruṇa]. [...] (Perfect) contemplation (samādhi) is with (these) sixteen aspects and is (attained) within the form of the sixfold deposition (ṣoḍhānyāsa). He who knows this is (a veritable) Lord of Yogis, the others (who do not) are (just) quoting from books. Once attained the plane that is Void and Non-void, the yogi is freed from bondage”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Shyamaruna in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Śyāmāruṇa (श्यामारुण) refers to a “dark-red color” and is used to describe certain types of Ketus (i.e., luminous bodies such as comets and meteors), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The comets that resemble the flaming fire or a garland are 120 in number. They are the sons of Agni and are named Viśvarūpa Ketus. When they appear there will be fear from fire. The comets that are dark-red in colour [i.e., śyāmāruṇa], without disc, presenting the appearance of Cāmara and with scattered rays are named Aruṇa Ketus. They are the sons of Vāyu (the wind) and are 77 in number; when they appear mankind will feel miserable”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shyamaruna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śyāmāruṇa (श्यामारुण):—[from śyāma] mfn. dark-red, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Śiśupāla-vadha]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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