Shyamadi, aka: Shyama-adi, Śyāmādi; 2 Definition(s)


Shyamadi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śyāmādi can be transliterated into English as Syamadi or Shyamadi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Shyamadi in Ayurveda glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śyāmādi (श्यामादि) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as curing abdominal glands and acts as an anti-toxic and is one of the most reliable purgatives in cases of abstinate constipation of bowels with suppression of urine, etc. It was originally composed by Suśruta in his Suśrutasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna XXXVIII, a classic work on Āyurveda. The name is derived from the words Śyāmā (Operculina turpethum) and ādi, translating to “first” or “commencement”. Examples of plants pertaining to this category include Śyāmā, Trivrit, Dantī, Rājavṛkṣa, Svarṇakṣīri, Karañja and Gavākṣī. The collection of herbs named Śyāmādi is but one of the thirty-seven gaṇas (‘sections’) of such groups.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

The drugs known as

  1. Shyāmā,
  2. Mahā-Shyāmā,
  3. Trivrit,
  4. Danti,
  5. Shankhini,
  6. Tilvaka,
  7. Kampillaka,
  8. Ramyaka,
  9. Kramuka,
  10. Putrashroni,
  11. Gavākshi,
  12. Rājavriksha,
  13. the two kinds of Karanja,
  14. Guduchi,
  15. Saptalā,
  16. Chhagalāntri,
  17. Sudhā
  18. and Suvarnakhiri,

form the group known as the Shyāmādi Gana.

This group is possessed of the therapeutic virtue of curing abdominal glands and acts as an anti-toxic. It proves beneficial in Anāha (epistasis), abdominal dropsy and diarrhoea and is one of the most reliable purgatives in cases of obstinate constipation of the bowels with suppression of urine and distention of the abdomen (Udāvarta).

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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