Shvaphalka, Śvaphalka, Svaphalka, Shvan-phalka: 5 definitions



Shvaphalka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śvaphalka can be transliterated into English as Svaphalka or Shvaphalka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shvaphalka in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śvaphalka (श्वफल्क).—Father of Akrūra. Vṛṣṇi, a Yādava King had two sons Śvaphalka and Citraka. It was divinely ordained that there would not be epidemics and drought in the place where Śvaphalka lived. Once there was no rain for a period of three years in the land of the King of Kāśī. So the King of Kāśī took Śvaphalka with him to his country. With his arrival there was rainfall in the land and the King who was pleased at it gave his daughter Gāndinī in marriage to Śvaphalka.

There is a story about the birth of Gāndinī also. Gāndinī remained in her mother’s womb for many years. At last the King of Kāśī called to the child in the womb and said, "Take birth at once; why do you remain there so long?" The child replied, "I shall come out if you allow me to offer a cow as gift every day." The King allowed it and the child was born. She was named "Gāndinī." She used to offer the gift of cows to Brāhmaṇas daily. After she married Śvaphalka, several sons including Akrūra were born to her, (Harivaṃśa, Chapter 34, Bhāgavata, 10th Skandha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Śvaphalka (श्वफल्क).—A son of Vṛṣṇi; elder brother of Citraka; married Gāndinī, daughter of a Kāśī king. Akrūra was the foremost of his twelve sons. Kāśī, not visited by rains for long had a heavy shower just at his marriage, and during his stay at the invitation of the Kāśī king, whose daughter he married. A righteous king in whose kingdom there was neither famine nor disease.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 1. 32; IX. 24. 15; X. 38. 24; 57. 32; XI. 12. 10; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71, 102; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 115-16; 15. 5-7.

2) Svaphalka (स्वफल्क).—A son of Pṛśni—a righteous and great king; no disease or famine during his reign; when the Kāśi kingdom suffered from want of rain continuously for three years Svaphalka was invited to live there and there were rains; he then married Kāśirāja's daughter Gāndinī who gave in gift, every day one cow for a Brahman;1 his daughter Narā, was the wife of Bhangakāra.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 101-105.
  • 2) Ib. 96. 86.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shvaphalka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śvaphalka (श्वफल्क).—Name of the father of Akrūra.

Derivable forms: śvaphalkaḥ (श्वफल्कः).

Śvaphalka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śvan and phalka (फल्क).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śvaphalka (श्वफल्क):—[=śva-phalka] [from śva > śvan] m. Name of a son of Vṛṣṇi, [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

2) Śvāphalka (श्वाफल्क):—[from śvan] m. [patronymic] [from] śva-phalka, [Pāṇini 4-1, 114; ii, 4, 58 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

[Sanskrit to German]

Shvaphalka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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