Shumbhaka, Śumbhaka: 1 definition


Shumbhaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śumbhaka can be transliterated into English as Sumbhaka or Shumbhaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shumbhaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śumbhaka (शुम्भक).—see su°.

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Sumbhaka (सुम्भक).—(once a ms. śu°), nt., a bowl of the sort used as almsbowl by Buddhist monks: the meaning is made clear by Mahāvastu iii.459.22 (verse) evaṃ te anvayiṣyāmi ādāya sumbhakaṃ tathā (so one ms., v.l. ādāya ca su°, Senart em. ādāya tava su°), = Pali Jātaka (Pali) v.259.23…pattam ādāya pacchato (pattam, bowl, = sumbhakam); other- wise found only as modifier of pātraṃ, in the cliché which tells how after ordination by the ehibhikṣukā formula, the signs of worldly life were magically replaced in the initiate(s) by monkish insignia: (…gṛhikalpaṃ sarvaṃ samantarahitaṃ, tricīvarā ca prādurbhūtā) sumbhakaṃ (mss., Senart here em. wrongly) ca pātraṃ prakṛtisvabhā- vasaṃsthitā ca keśā, etc., Mahāvastu ii.234.5; substantially same formula (sometimes pl., °kā or °kāni ca pātrā or pātrāṇi), [Page602-a+ 70] iii.65.5; 92.9; 180.15; 181.6; 329.12; 379.15 (one ms. śu°); 413.13; 423.9; 430.17. The word has not been found elsewhere; but compare sumbhalikā.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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