Shumbha, Sumbha, Śumbha: 10 definitions
Shumbha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Śumbha can be transliterated into English as Sumbha or Shumbha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Śumbha (शुम्भ).—An asura. (See under Niśumbha).
2) Sumbha (सुम्भ).—An asura; the eldest of the three sons, more powerful than Indra, born to Kāśyapaprajāpati by his wife Danu, the other two sons being Niśumbha and Namuci. (For details see under Niśumbha).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Śumbha (शुम्भ).—A commander of Tāraka's force; had the sheep for his riding animal;1 threw darts on Janārdana; a Citrayodhi against Janārdana who threw bhusuṇḍi at him and his goat and said “you are to be killed by a girl; get away;”2 killed by Durgā;3 killed by Yoganidrā.4
- 1) Matsya-purāṇa 148, 43, 55; 151. 5.
- 2) Ib. 150. 224; 152. 25-52; 245. 32.
- 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 29. 76.
- 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 82.
1b) A son of Ganeṣṭhi.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 77.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
1. Sumbha. A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70; ApA.i.106.
2. Sumbha. A country in which was Desaka (?), where Udayi visited the Buddha during a stay there, and had a conversation with him. S.v.89; cf. 168, and J.i.393; also SA.iii.181.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
śumbha (शुंभ).—m (S The name of an Asura or demon slain by Durga.) Applied, appellatively, to a dull, sluggish, and stupid fellow.
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sumbha (सुंभ).—m ( H) A miser or niggard. 2 (Vulgar for śumbha) The name of an asura or demon. Hence, appellatively, a sluggish and stupid fellow.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
śumbha (शुंभ).—m A dull, sluggish, stupid fellow.
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sumbha (सुंभ).—m A miser or niggard. A sluggish, stupid fellow.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Śumbha (शुम्भ).—Name of a demon killed by Durgā.
Derivable forms: śumbhaḥ (शुम्भः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sumbhā (सुम्भा).—name of a goddess (compare prec. but two): Sādhanamālā 180.7 etc.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-mbhaḥ) An Asura or demon slain by Durga.
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(-mbhaḥ) A country so named; also read suhya .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Śumbha (शुम्भ):—[from śumbh] m. Name of an Asura or demon (slain by Durgā; he was the son of Gaveṣṭhin and grandson of Prahlāda), [Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa; Purāṇa]
2) Sumbha (सुम्भ):—m. [plural] Name of a people, [Rāmāyaṇa]
3) sg. Name of a country (cf. śumbha-deśa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+13): Shumbhanishumbha, Nishumbha, Shumbhapura, Gundem, Shumbhaghatini, Nishumbhamardini, Nishumbhamathani, Shumbhahanani, Sumbhatara, Shumbhamarddini, Shumbhamathani, Sambharaja, Sumba, Shumbhapuri, Vamvasem, Nishumbhin, Saumbhavatsabahu, Shumbhamardini, Shivaduti, Candamundas.
Search found 16 books and stories containing Shumbha, Sumbha, Śumbha, Sumbhā; (plurals include: Shumbhas, Sumbhas, Śumbhas, Sumbhās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 16 - Jālandhara Gives up His Disguise < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 18 - Jālandhara Is Killed < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 101 - The Fight Goes On < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
The Indian Buddhist Iconography (by Benoytosh Bhattachacharyya)
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 31 - On the death of Śumbha < [Book 5]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 47 - Dhūmralocana, Caṇḍa, Muṇḍa and Raktabīja are slain < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 21 - Description of the Special War < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 48 - The manifestation of Sarasvatī < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
The Book of Protection (by Piyadassi Thera)