Shumbha, Sumbha, Śumbha: 10 definitions


Shumbha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śumbha can be transliterated into English as Sumbha or Shumbha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Śumbha (शुम्भ).—An asura. (See under Niśumbha).

2) Sumbha (सुम्भ).—An asura; the eldest of the three sons, more powerful than Indra, born to Kāśyapaprajāpati by his wife Danu, the other two sons being Niśumbha and Namuci. (For details see under Niśumbha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śumbha (शुम्भ).—A commander of Tāraka's force; had the sheep for his riding animal;1 threw darts on Janārdana; a Citrayodhi against Janārdana who threw bhusuṇḍi at him and his goat and said “you are to be killed by a girl; get away;”2 killed by Durgā;3 killed by Yoganidrā.4

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 148, 43, 55; 151. 5.
  • 2) Ib. 150. 224; 152. 25-52; 245. 32.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 29. 76.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 82.

1b) A son of Ganeṣṭhi.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 77.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Sumbha. A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70; ApA.i.106.

2. Sumbha. A country in which was Desaka (?), where Udayi visited the Buddha during a stay there, and had a conversation with him. S.v.89; cf. 168, and J.i.393; also SA.iii.181.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śumbha (शुंभ).—m (S The name of an Asura or demon slain by Durga.) Applied, appellatively, to a dull, sluggish, and stupid fellow.

--- OR ---

sumbha (सुंभ).—m ( H) A miser or niggard. 2 (Vulgar for śumbha) The name of an asura or demon. Hence, appellatively, a sluggish and stupid fellow.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śumbha (शुंभ).—m A dull, sluggish, stupid fellow.

--- OR ---

sumbha (सुंभ).—m A miser or niggard. A sluggish, stupid fellow.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śumbha (शुम्भ).—Name of a demon killed by Durgā.

Derivable forms: śumbhaḥ (शुम्भः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sumbhā (सुम्भा).—name of a goddess (compare prec. but two): Sādhanamālā 180.7 etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śumbha (शुम्भ).—m.

(-mbhaḥ) An Asura or demon slain by Durga.

--- OR ---

Sumbha (सुम्भ).—m.

(-mbhaḥ) A country so named; also read suhya .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śumbha (शुम्भ):—[from śumbh] m. Name of an Asura or demon (slain by Durgā; he was the son of Gaveṣṭhin and grandson of Prahlāda), [Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa; Purāṇa]

2) Sumbha (सुम्भ):—m. [plural] Name of a people, [Rāmāyaṇa]

3) sg. Name of a country (cf. śumbha-deśa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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