Shumbha, aka: Sumbha, Śumbha; 6 Definition(s)


Shumbha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śumbha can be transliterated into English as Sumbha or Shumbha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism


[Shumbha in Purana glossaries]

1) Śumbha (शुम्भ).—An asura. (See under Niśumbha).

2) Sumbha (सुम्भ).—An asura; the eldest of the three sons, more powerful than Indra, born to Kāśyapaprajāpati by his wife Danu, the other two sons being Niśumbha and Namuci. (For details see under Niśumbha).

(Source): Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Śumbha (शुम्भ).—A commander of Tāraka's force; had the sheep for his riding animal;1 threw darts on Janārdana; a Citrayodhi against Janārdana who threw bhusuṇḍi at him and his goat and said “you are to be killed by a girl; get away;”2 killed by Durgā;3 killed by Yoganidrā.4

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 148, 43, 55; 151. 5.
  • 2) Ib. 150. 224; 152. 25-52; 245. 32.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 29. 76.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 82.

1b) A son of Ganeṣṭhi.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 77.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Shumbha in Theravada glossaries]

1. Sumbha. A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70; ApA.i.106.

2. Sumbha. A country in which was Desaka (?), where Udayi visited the Buddha during a stay there, and had a conversation with him. S.v.89; cf. 168, and J.i.393; also SA.iii.181.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Shumbha in Marathi glossaries]

śumbha (शुंभ).—m (S The name of an Asura or demon slain by Durga.) Applied, appellatively, to a dull, sluggish, and stupid fellow.

--- OR ---

sumbha (सुंभ).—m ( H) A miser or niggard. 2 (Vulgar for śumbha) The name of an asura or demon. Hence, appellatively, a sluggish and stupid fellow.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śumbha (शुंभ).—m A dull, sluggish, stupid fellow.

--- OR ---

sumbha (सुंभ).—m A miser or niggard. A sluggish, stupid fellow.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Shumbha in Sanskrit glossaries]

Śumbha (शुम्भ).—Name of a demon killed by Durgā.

Derivable forms: śumbhaḥ (शुम्भः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 21 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Śumbhaghātinī (शुम्भघातिनी).—an epithet of Durgā.Śumbhaghātinī is a Sanskrit compound consistin...
Śumbhamardinī (शुम्भमर्दिनी).—an epithet of Durgā.Śumbhamardinī is a Sanskrit compound consisti...
Niśumbha (निशुम्भ) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, ...
Sugrīva (सुग्रीव) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, a...
Bhadrakālī (भद्रकाली) is one of the epithets of Durgā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapt...
Namuci (नमुचि) is the name of a Dānava who was reborn as the Asura Prabala and after that as Pr...
Caṇḍamuṇḍas (चण्डमुण्डस्).—Two brothers born in the Asura dynasty, the elder brother being call...
Ripu (रिपु).—Grandson of Dhruva. Two sons called Śiṣṭi and Bhavya were born to Dhruva by his wi...
Śivadūtī (शिवदूती).—epithet of Durgā. Śivadūtī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ś...
Narasimhi with the face of a lion, fierce claws and four arms is the shakti of Narasimha. She i...
sumba (सुंब) [-bha, -भ].—n m Twists of cocoanut-fibres; coir. sumba jaḷē paṇa pīḷa (baḷa) na ja...
guṇḍēṃ (गुंडें).—n A ball, roll, or coil (as of sumbha coarse thread).
Vedagarbhā (वेदगर्भा).—A name of Devī. When Devī killed Śumbha and such other Asuras, Indra got...
medakathālikā : (f.) a saucepan for frying fat.
Udayī (उदयी).—The son of Darbhaka; ruled for 33 years; founded the city Kusuma on the sou...

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