Shulka, Śulka: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Shulka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śulka can be transliterated into English as Sulka or Shulka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śulka (शुल्क).—A price for marriage; Kṛṣṇa was not prepared to pay any price for Satyā;1 one selling a daughter to be punished;2 a tax gathered by kings of Kali age.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 58. 40.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 227. 20.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 1. 34.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Śulka.—(IE 8-5; EI 12, 23, 25, 30; CII 4; CITD), tolls; customs duties; octroi duties; taxes particularly levied at ferries and passes and on roads, etc.; cf. krīḍara-śulka (EI 5), name of a tax; also śuṅgam, śuṅkam (SITI), customs, tolls. (HRS), tax, probably identical with bali according to early authorities; ferry dues, tolls and transit duties according to the Smṛtis and lexicons; according to the Arthaśāstra, (1) duties levied upon articles imported into a city, (2) port-dues, (3) duty upon the sale of liquors, (4) customs collected by the ferrymen and boundary-officers, (5) duty upon mining products, (6) duty upon imported salt, and (7) duty upon animals intended for slaughter; according to Śukra, tolls and duties upon building-sites, etc. The Amarakoṣa explains śulka as ghaṭṭa-ādi-deya and Kṣīrasvāmin enumerates the dues as ferry duties, tolls paid at military stations or police outposts and transit duties paid by merchants. Note: śulka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śulka (शुल्क).—n S Toll, duty, tax as levied at ferries, passes, made roads &c. 2 Money given at marriages to the parents of the bride. 3 A marriagesettlement. 4 The profits of household labor, of the employment of domestic utensils, of the care of milch cattle &c. considered as the perquisite of the wife and her legal property.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śulka (शुल्क).—n Toll. A marriage-settlement. Money given at marriages to the parents of the bride.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śulka (शुल्क).—[śulkyate atisṛjyate karmaṇi ghañ]

1) A toll, tax, customs, duty; particularly levied at ferries, passes, roads &c.; कः सुधीः संत्यजेद्भाण्डं शुल्कस्यैवातिसाध्वसात् (kaḥ sudhīḥ saṃtyajedbhāṇḍaṃ śulkasyaivātisādhvasāt) H.3.125; Ms.8.159; Y.2.47.

2) Gain, profit.

3) Money advanced to ratify a bargain.

4) Purchase price (of a girl); money given to the parents of a bride; पीडितो दुहितृशुल्कसंस्थया (pīḍito duhitṛśulkasaṃsthayā) R.11.38; न कन्यायाः पिता विद्वान् गृह्णीयाच्छुल्कमण्वपि (na kanyāyāḥ pitā vidvān gṛhṇīyācchulkamaṇvapi) Ms.3.51;8.24;9.93,98; Pratimā 1.15.

5) A nuptial present.

6) Marriage settlement or dowry.

7) Present given by the bride-groom to his bride.

8) A dog; Uṇ.3.42.

9) Price, value.

Derivable forms: śulkaḥ (शुल्कः).

See also (synonyms): śulaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śulka (शुल्क).—mn.

(-lkaḥ-lkaṃ) 1. Toll, duty, customs or taxes. 2. The present made by the bridegroom to the bride, at the time of bringing her home to his family; a marriage settlement or dower. 3. Money given to the parents of the bride. 4. Money given at the purchase of any thing to ratify the bargain. 5. The profits of household labour, employment of domestic utensils, care of milch-cattle, preservation of ornaments, superintendance of servants, &c., when considered as the perquisite of the wife and her own legal property. E. śulk to quit, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śulka (शुल्क).—m. and n. 1. Toll, tax, duty, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 120. 2. Money given at the purchase of anything, to ratify the bargain. 3. Money given to the parents of the bride, originally as purchase-price, cf. Mahābhārata 13, 2422, sqq. and 4530; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 51. 4. A nuptial present, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 93. 5. The profits of household labour, care of milch cattle, etc-, when considered as the legal property of the wife. 6. Price, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 180, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śulka (शुल्क).—[masculine] price, toll, tax, duty; nuptial fee; contest-prize.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śulka (शुल्क):—[from śulk] mn. (ifc. f(ā). ) price, value, purchase-money, [Ṛg-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] the prize of a contest, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] toil, tax, duty, customs ([especially] money levied at ferries, passes, and roads), [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Āpastamba; Manu-smṛti] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] nuptial gift ([originally] a price given to parents for the purchase of a bride, but in later times bestowed on the wife as her own property together with the profits of household labour, domestic utensils, ornaments etc.), dower, dowry, marriage settlement, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti] etc. (cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 267])

5) [v.s. ...] wages of prostitution, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] [wrong reading] for śukra and śukla, [Mahābhārata]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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