Shulin, Śūlin: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Shulin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śūlin can be transliterated into English as Sulin or Shulin, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Śūlin (शूलिन्) is the name of a deity who was imparted with the knowledge of the Prodgītāgama by Sadāśiva through parasambandha, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The prodgīta-āgama, being part of the eighteen Rudrabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Śūlin in turn transmitted the Prodgītāgama (through mahānsambandha) to Kavaca who then, through divya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Prodgītāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śūlin (शूलिन्) refers to “one who has a trident” and is used to describe Śiva, according the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance to you, O lord, who can kill at a distance, in front, to one who has a bow, a trident (i.e., Śūlin), a mace and a ploughshare. Obeisance to the wielder of many weapons, to the destroyer of Daityas and Dānavas, to Sadya, Sadyarūpa and Sadyojāta”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Śulin (शुलिन्) represents the number 11 (eleven) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 11—śulin] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Śūlin.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘eleven’. Note: śūlin is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śūlin (शूलिन्).—a. [śūlamastyasya ini]

1) Armed with a spear; दुर्जयो लवणः शूली (durjayo lavaṇaḥ śūlī) R.15.5.

2) Suffering from colic. -m.

1) A spearman.

2) A hare.

3) Name of Śiva; कुर्वन् संध्या- बलिपटहतां शूलिनः श्लाघनीयाम् (kurvan saṃdhyā- balipaṭahatāṃ śūlinaḥ ślāghanīyām) Meghadūta 36; Kumārasambhava 3.57.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śūlin (शूलिन्).—mfn. (-lī-linī-li) 1. Suffering sharp pain, having the colic, &c. 2. Armed with a spear. m. (-lī) 1. Mahadeva. 2. A spearman. 3. A stake-bearer. 4. A hare. E. śūla a trident, and ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śūlin (शूलिन्).—i. e. śūla + in, I. adj. Suffering sharp pain. Ii. m. 1. A spearman. 2. A stake-bearer. 3. Śiva, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 52.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śūlin (शूलिन्).—[adjective] having a spear; [masculine] [Epithet] of Rudra-Śiva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śūlin (शूलिन्):—[from śūl] mfn. having a dart or pike, armed with a spear, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] one who suffers from sharp internal pain or from colic, [Kauśika-sūtra; Vikramāṅkadeva-carita, by Bilhaṇa; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a spearman, lancer, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of Rudra Śiva (as holding a trident), [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] a hare, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a Muni, [Catalogue(s)]

7) Sulin (सुलिन्):—[from sula] mfn. ([from] sula) [gana] balādi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śūlin (शूलिन्):—[(lī-linī-li) m.] A spearman; stake-bearer; Mahādeva. a. Suffering sharp pain.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śūlin (शूलिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sūli.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shulin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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