Shulbasutra, Shulba-sutra, Śulbasūtra: 5 definitions


Shulbasutra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śulbasūtra can be transliterated into English as Sulbasutra or Shulbasutra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Shulbasutra in Hinduism glossary
Source: Athirathram: The continuity of Śulbasūtra tradition

Śulbasūtra (शुल्बसूत्र):—The Śulbasūtras are the ancient mathematical treatises primarily deal with geometry. They forms a part of kalpasūtras; one of the six Vedaṅgās. Proper understanding of these texts is essential to study Vedas. The geometrical expositions of Śulbasūtras are original in nature and of physical and metaphysical value.

Source: Sulbasutras

Śulbasūtra (शुल्बसूत्र).—Included in some of the Srautasūtras were guidelines for the construction of various fire altars (citis) and the arithmetic and geometrical formulae behind the process. These manuals were perhaps called rajju-samāsa (“joining the measuring cord”). In course of time, they came to be identified as the Śulbasūtras.

Śulba, literally “string,” refers to the measuring cord, and sūtra, literally “string” again, means an aphorism in the Sanskrit technical vocabulary. We have information about 11 such “aphorisms of the measuring cord”: the Baudhāyana, the Āpastaṃba, the Mānava, the Kātyāyana, the Maitrāyaṇa, the Hiraṇyakeśi, the Vādhūla, the Varāha, the Laugākṣi, the Satyāṣaḍha, and the Maśaka. The first eight of these are now extant. Later Vedic texts like the Brāhmaṇas, the Āraṇyakas, and the Upaniṣads were, as a rule, affiliated with one of the three Vedas. This was also the case with the Śulbasūtras or the Srautasūtras to which they were attached.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shulbasutra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śulbasūtra (शुल्बसूत्र).—Name of Sūtra work, containing mathematical calculations required for श्रौत (śrauta) rituals.

Derivable forms: śulbasūtram (शुल्बसूत्रम्).

Śulbasūtra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śulba and sūtra (सूत्र). See also (synonyms): śulvasūtra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Śulbasūtra (शुल्बसूत्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[anonymous] K. 12 (and dīpikā). Ben. 14. Rādh. 2 (and—[commentary]). Oppert. 4074. Ii, 7209. See Āpastamba, Baudhāyana, Mānavasūtra.

2) Śulbasūtra (शुल्बसूत्र):—the seventh Pariśiṣṭa of Kātyāyana. Io. 1158. W. p. 63. B. 1, 168. Np. Vii, 2. Peters. 3, 389. Sb. 54.
—[commentary] Np. V, 48.
—[commentary] by Karka. Io. 774. B. 1, 168. Ben. 13. Np. Iii, 94. Vii, 2. Peters. 2, 174 (Śulbavṛttivivaraṇa). Bp. 258.
—[commentary] by Gaṅgādhara. Peters. 2, 173.
—[commentary] by Mahīdhara, written at Benares in 1589. L. 753. Ben. 13. Np. I, 22. Iii, 96. Peters. 2, 173. Bp. 285.
—[commentary] by Rāma or Rāmacandra Vājapeyin. Ben. 10 (Śulbasūtrabhāṣyavārttikavyākhyā). 13. NW. 30. Np. Vi, 14. Vii, 2. Bl. 2. P. 5. Peters. 2, 174. Proceed. Asb. 1869, 142. Quoted by Mahīdhara L. 753.
—[commentary] Śulbavārttika by the same. Quoted in the preceding

3) Śulbasūtra (शुल्बसूत्र):—the seventh Pariśiṣṭa of Kātyāyana. Stein 20.
—[commentary] Stein 20 (inc.).
—[commentary] by Karka. Stein 20.
—[commentary] by Mahīdhara. Rgb. 253. Stein 20.
—[commentary] by Rāma or Rāmacandra Vājapeyin, son of Sūryadāsa. Cs. 268 (Śulbavārttikaṭīkā). Peters. 4, 4. Extr. 6. Stein 20.

4) Śulbasūtra (शुल्बसूत्र):—the seventh Pariśiṣṭa of Kātyāyana. Ulwar 149.
—[commentary] by Karka. Ulwar 150.
—[commentary] by Gaṅgādhara, completed by his son Rāma-kṛṣṇa. Ulwar 151. Extr. 47.
—[commentary] by Mahīdhara. Ulwar 152.
—[commentary] by Rāma, son of Sūryadāsa. Ulwar 153. Prācīsādhanādi. Ulwar 173.

5) Śulbasūtra (शुल्बसूत्र):—the seventh Pariśiṣṭa of Kātyāyana. C. by Karka. As p. 204. C. by Rāmacandra Vājapeyin, son of Sūryadāsa. Ak 99. As p. 204.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śulbasūtra (शुल्बसूत्र):—[=śulba-sūtra] [from śulva > śulv] n. Name of a Sūtra work (belonging to the Śrauta ritual and containing curious geometrical calculations and attempts at squaring the circle)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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