Shukraniti, Śukranīti, Śukraniti: 4 definitions


Shukraniti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śukranīti and Śukraniti can be transliterated into English as Sukraniti or Shukraniti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Google Books: The History and Chronology of Gunpowder and Gunpowder Weapons

According to Oppert, the Sukraniti is written by Shukracharya, also variously known as Usanas, Maghabhava, Kavi, Kavya, Bhargava, Sadasarichis, Dhaityaguru and Dhisnya.

The version of Sukraniti to which Oppert refers, comprised four sections, with a fifth supplementary section at the end. The first section specificies the duties of a king, the second that of the crown price; the third section pertains to income and expenditure on servants and wages, and the fourth section is subdivided into seven chapters laying down, respectively, maxims on friendship, enmity, treasury, administration, revue, arts, sciences, social laws, fortresses and the army. The last chapter of section 4 of Sukraniti is of importance to the scholar examining the ancient Hindu military system.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Shukraniti in Hinduism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Śukranīti (शुक्रनीति, “elements of polity”) is the name of a Sanskrit work possibly written by Śukrācārya. Among the contents are subjets such as politics and firearms. The earliest date of authorship was suggested by Oppert, who thought the manuscript was written during the Gupta period (5th-6th century A.D.).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shukraniti in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Śukranīti (शुक्रनीति) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—nītiśāstra. B. 3, 128. Oudh. Xiii, 118. Np. V, 50. Oppert. 7501. See Nītisāra.

2) Śukranīti (शुक्रनीति):—nītiśāstra. A work chiefly borrowed from the Kāmandaka. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 97. Stein 105.

3) Śukranīti (शुक्रनीति):—Ulwar 1488.

4) Śukranīti (शुक्रनीति):—Bc 324.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śukranīti (शुक्रनीति):—[=śukra-nīti] [from śukra] f. Name of [work]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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