Shrotra, aka: Śrotra; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Shrotra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śrotra can be transliterated into English as Srotra or Shrotra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Śrotra (श्रोत्र) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “ear”. It is one of the fourteen Adhyātma (pertaining to the body) mentioned in the Subālopaniṣad (fifth section). The corresponding Ādhibhūta (pertaining to the elements) is called śrotavya (the audible) and the corresponding Adhidaivata (presiding deity) is diś (the quarters). Accordingly, “the nādis form their bond (or connect them). He who moves in the ear (śrotra), in the audible (śrotavya), in the quarters (diś), in the nādis, in prāṇa, in vijñāna, in ānanda, in the ākāśa of the heart and within all else—That is Ātman. It is that which should be worshipped. It is without old age, death, fear, sorrow or end.”

(Source): Wisdom Library: Yoga
Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Purana

Śrotra (श्रोत्र).—A Tuṣita god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 19. Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 18.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Śrotra (श्रोत्र, “ear”) refers to the “two ears”, from which the Buddha emitted numerous rays when he smiled with his whole body after contemplating the entire universe, according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Accordingly, having himself arranged the lion-seat, the Bhagavat sat down cross-legged; holding his body upright and fixing his attention, he entered into the samādhirājasamādhi. Then, having tranquilly come out of this samādhi and having contemplated the entire universe with his divine eye (divyacakṣus), the Bhagavat smiled with his whole body. Wheels with a thousand spokes imprinted on the soles of his feet (pādatala) shoot out six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays. In the same way, beams of six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays are emitted from his two ears (śrotra).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

General definition (in Buddhism)

Śrotra (श्रोत्र, “ear”) or śrotrāyatana refers to one of the “twelve sense spheres” (āyatana) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 24). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., śrotra). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Śrotra (“ear”) also represents one of the “eighteen elements” (dhātu) as well as one of the “eleven form components” (rūpaskandha).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

śrōtra (श्रोत्र).—n S The sense or the organ of hearing.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śrōtra (श्रोत्र).—n The sense or the organ of hearing.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śrotra (श्रोत्र).—[śrūyate'nena śru-karaṇe-ṣṭran]

1) The ear; श्रोत्रं श्रुतेनैव न कुण्डलेन (śrotraṃ śrutenaiva na kuṇḍalena) Bh.2.71.

2) Proficiency in the Vedas.

3) The Veda.

Derivable forms: śrotram (श्रोत्रम्).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

Search found 24 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Divyashrotra
Divyaśrotra (दिव्यश्रोत्र) refers to the “divine ear” and represents one of the “five deep know...
Shrotrarupaskandha
Śrotrarūpaskandha (श्रोत्ररूपस्कन्ध) or simply śrotra refers to the “ear form component” and re...
Shrotradhatu
Śrotradhātu (श्रोत्रधातु) or simply śrotra refers to the “ear element” and represents one of th...
Shrotrapadavi
Śrotrapadavī (श्रोत्रपदवी).—the range of hearing. Śrotrapadavī is a Sanskrit compound consistin...
Shrotrayatana
Śrotrāyatana (श्रोत्रायतन) or simply śrotra refers to the “sense sphere of the ear” and represe...
Shrotraparampara
Śrotraparamparā (श्रोत्रपरम्परा).—successive oral report. Śrotraparamparā is a Sanskrit compoun...
Shrotrapeya
Śrotrapeya (श्रोत्रपेय).—a. to be imbibed by the ear, to be attentively heard; संदेशं मे तदनु ज...
Shrotrasukha
Śrotrasukha (श्रोत्रसुख).—a. melodious, agreeable to the ear.Śrotrasukha is a Sanskrit compound...
Shrotramula
Śrotramūla (श्रोत्रमूल).—the root of the ear. Derivable forms: śrotramūlam (श्रोत्रमूलम्).Śrotr...
Shrotravijnana
Śrotravijñāna (श्रोत्रविज्ञान, “ear-consciousness”) or śrotravijñānadhātu refers to one of the ...
Dhatu
Dhātu (धातु) refers to a “verb root” as used by Yāska (9th century BCE) in his works dealing wi...
Ayatana
Āyatana (आयतन) is the name for a “building” that once existed in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as m...
Indriya
Indriya (इन्द्रिय, “faculties”) or Pañcendriya refers to one of the seven classes of the thirty...
Rasayana
Rasāyana (रसायन) refers to “rejuvenation” mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.76. Accordin...
Jnanendriya
Jñānendriya (ज्ञानेन्द्रिय) refers to “consciousness”, according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthas...

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