Shramanaka, Śramaṇaka: 6 definitions


Shramanaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śramaṇaka can be transliterated into English as Sramanaka or Shramanaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Shramanaka in Mahayana glossary
Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Śrāmaṇaka (श्रामणक) (Cf. Śrāmaṇa) refers to “ascetics”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] At that time, sixty koṭis of Bodhisattvas, having stood up from the congregation, joined their palms, paid homage to the Lord, and then uttered these verses in one voice: ‘[...] (225) They will employ killers and act within such way of behavior, but they will say ‘We do not do it at all’. (226) ‘We are ascetics [only in name], but do not have the qualities of ascetics (śrāmaṇaka)’. Hearing the true accusation, they will reject this Sūtra. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of shramanaka or sramanaka in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shramanaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śramaṇaka (श्रमणक).—clearly with pejorative force (so also Pali sam°), wretched, contemptible, or objectionable (Bud- dhist) monk: (sa ruṣito, yāvad brāhmaṇānāṃ na dīyate…) tāvat tvayā tasmai muṇḍakāya śramaṇakāyāgrapiṇḍakaṃ dattam Divyāvadāna 13.15; (amaṅgalo 'yaṃ muṇḍakaḥ) °ṇako mayā dṛṣṭa iti 39.27; kim anena °ṇakena mama mṛtipravṛttiḥ śrutā, yena me bhavanam āgacchatīti 185.17; yasyāhaṃ priyaḥ, so 'sya muṇḍakasya °ṇaka- syopary ekaikāṃ pāṃśumuṣṭiṃ kṣipatv iti 574.2; muṇ- ḍakāḥ śram° Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya 1.47.5.

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Śrāmaṇaka (श्रामणक).—adj. (= Pali sām°; compare a-śrā°, śrāma- ṇyaka), monkish, belonging to monks: °kaṃ susukham anubhonti Samādhirājasūtra 19.28 (verse), experience a monk's excellent joy; asmākaṃ…na ca °kā guṇāḥ Śikṣāsamuccaya 47.3, and we have not the qualities of monks (i.e. which monks should have).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śramaṇaka (श्रमणक).—[masculine] ṇikā [feminine] = [preceding] [masculine] & [feminine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śramaṇaka (श्रमणक):—[from śram] m. (and f(ikā). ) a Buddhist or Jain ascetic, [Mṛcchakaṭikā; Daśakumāra-carita]

2) Śrāmaṇaka (श्रामणक):—[from śram] m. or n. ([from] idem) Name of a [particular] contrivance for kindling fire, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Baudhāyana-dharma-śāstra; Vasiṣṭha] ([varia lectio] śrāvaṇaka).

[Sanskrit to German]

Shramanaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shramanaka in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śramaṇaka (ಶ್ರಮಣಕ):—[noun] = ಶ್ರಮಣ [shramana]2 - 4.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of shramanaka or sramanaka in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

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