Shramanabhuta, Śramaṇabhūta, Shramana-bhuta: 1 definition
Shramanabhuta means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Śramaṇabhūta can be transliterated into English as Sramanabhuta or Shramanabhuta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: HereNow4u: Jain Dharma ka Maulika Itihasa (2)
Śramaṇabhūta (श्रमणभूत) or simply Śramaṇa refers to a “mendicant”, according to the Upāsaka Daśā, one of the Dvādaśāṅgī (twelve Aṅgas) of Jainism.—[...] All these upāsakas described in the scriptures are householders following the twelve vows (vratas). Except Mahāśataka, all others had only one wife each. For 14 years each of them abided the holy vows meant for the householder and during the fifteenth year, with an intention to get closer to asceticism (śramaṇadharma), they entrusted the household responsibilities to their eldest sons, while still in the garb of a householder, slowly & steadily relinquished all their previous possessions and finally as a mendicant (śramaṇabhūta), by thought, word and deed (trikaraṇa) and controlling all the three types of activities (triyoga), they practised spiritual-exertion (sādhanā) to renounce their sins.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
See also (Relevant definitions)
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