Shopha, Śopha: 17 definitions


Shopha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śopha can be transliterated into English as Sopha or Shopha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śopha (शोफ):—A Sanskrit technical term translating to “swelling”, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. Śopha is a symptom (rūpa) considered to be due to involvement of kapha-doṣa (aggravated kapha).

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Śopha (शोफ) refers to “cutaneous swellings”, as mentioned in verse 3.29 and 5.25, 34 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Alcohol (is) not to be drunk, or to be drunk (only) in small quantities or with much water; otherwise it causes cutaneous swellings [viz., śopha], flaccidity, heat, and stupor. [...]”.

Note (verse 3.29) The copulative compound śopha-śaithilya-dāha-moha (“cutaneous swellings, flaccidity, heat, and stupor”) has been resolved into a series of predicatively used adjectives: kha bskams lhod thsa daṅ rmoṅs-pa (“dry in the mouth, flaccid, hot, and stuporous”). For śopha (“cutaneous swelling”) the translators read apparently śoṣa (“xerostomia”, given as a variant in the Kottayam edition); CD write kha skom instead of kha bskams, which would mean “thirsty in the mouth”.

Note (verse 5.34): Instead of śopha (“cutaneous swelling”) the Tibetan writes skran-nad (“visceral induration”), which appears to be an old corruption for skraṅ-nad; for in 7.19, 12.53, 16.32 & 20.3 śopha has been turned skran while 26.6 even gives skraṅs-nad, the simple skraṅs(-pa) being in later chapters a frequent pendant of śopha (8.25, 12.46, 26.25 & 56, 28.1, 3, 8 & 31, 29.5, 32, 38 & 74) and its synonym śvayathu (4.18, 28.4 & 29.1).

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Śopha (शोफ) is mentioned as a disease that can be treated with metallic drugs including ingredients such as Śuktibhasma (oyster shell ash) and Taṅkaṇa (borax), as mentioned in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha (chapter 3) written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha (mentioning śopha) has been designed based on the need of the period of the author, availability of drugs during that time, disease manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Śopha (शोफ) refers to “swelling” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning śopha] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Śopha (शोफ):—Swelling; Oedema

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Śopha (शोफ) refers to one of the sixteen varieties of Maṇḍalī snakes, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Kāśyapa sources his antidotes from a multitude plants, a few minerals, salts and animal products available in nature. All these plants fall under various groups called gaṇas, as pronounced by the Ayurvedic Nigaṇṭus.—Note: Śopha and Śophamaṇḍalī (or Gopamaṇḍalī) are mentioned as separate varietes.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Shopha in India is the name of a plant defined with Anethum graveolens in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Ferula marathrophylla W.G. Walpers (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Fl. Libya (1985)
· Plant Systematics and Evolution (1986)
· Flora of Ecuador (1976)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Spices Condiments Pl. Ethiopia (1981)
· Pakistan Journal of Botany (1982)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Shopha, for example chemical composition, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, health benefits, side effects, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śōpha (शोफ).—m S Swelling or swollenness, tumefaction. 2 Flabbiness or bloatedness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śopha (शोफ).—[śu-phan] Swelling, tumour, intumescence.

Derivable forms: śophaḥ (शोफः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śopha (शोफ).—m.

(-phaḥ) Intumescence, swelling. E. śu to go, aff. phan .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śopha (शोफ).— (vb. śvi, cf. śotha), m. Intumescence.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śopha (शोफ).—[masculine] tumor, sore; p. phin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śopha (शोफ):—m. (connected with √śvi; ifc. f(ā). ; cf. śotha) intumescence, morbid swelling, tumour, [Suśruta; Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śopha (शोफ):—(phaḥ) 1. m. Intumescence.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shopha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sophā (सोफा):—(nm) a sofa; ~[seṭa] a sofaset.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śōpha (ಶೋಫ):—

1) [noun] an abnormally swollen part of the body; swelling.

2) [noun] an infectious disease caused by the tubercle bacillus and characterised by the formation of tubercles in various tissues of the body; tuberculosis.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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