Shodashi, aka: Ṣoḍaśī, Ṣoḍaśi; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Shodashi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ṣoḍaśī and Ṣoḍaśi can be transliterated into English as Sodasi or Shodashi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Shodashi in Shaktism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Ṣoḍaśī (“the girl-of-sixteen”) rules over all that is perfect, complete, beautiful. Ṣoḍaśī, the power of Śiva as the ruler of the three worlds, is, according to the Ṣoḍaśī-tantra, identified with the Tripura-Sundarī (“beauty-of-the-three-cities”), said to be the light radiating from the three eyes of Śiva to illumine the worlds. Hence she is “the Girl-of-Sixteen in whom the three forms of light unite.”

As a form of the eternal night, Ṣoḍaśī is Divya-rātri (“the divine-night”), the night of perfection.

Source: Red Zambala: The 10 Great Wisdom Goddesses
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Shodashi in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

1a) Ṣoḍaśi (षोडशि).—Born from the eastern face of Brahmā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 40.

1b) The waxing and waning of the moon.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 70.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Ṣoḍaśī (षोडशी) refers to one of the seven Somasaṃsthās or Somayajñas (groups of seven sacrifices).—Hārīta says: “Let a man offer the Pākayajñas always, always also the Haviryajñas, and the Somayajñas (Soma sacrifices), according to rule, if he wishes for eternal merit”.—The object of these sacrifices [viz., Ṣoḍaśī] is eternal happiness, and hence they have to be performed during life at certain seasons, without any special occasion (nimitta), and without any special object (kāma). According to most authorities, however, they have to be performed during thirty years only. After that the Agnihotra only has to be kept up.

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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India history and geogprahy

Śoḍaśī.—(SII 4), name of a coin which may have been (1/16) of the standard coin in weight or value; cf. paṇa. Note: śoḍaśī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Śoḍaśikā.

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Ṣoḍaśī.—also called ṣoḍaśikā; probably, one-sixteenth of the standard silver coin in weight or value; cf. paṇa. Note: ṣoḍaśī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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