Shna, Ṣṇā, Śnā, Śna, Snā: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Shna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ṣṇā and Śnā and Śna can be transliterated into English as Sna or Shna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Śnā (श्ना).—A vikarana or conjugational sign of the ninth conjugation, to be added to roots headed by क्री (krī) before the Sarvadhatuka affixes; e.g. क्रीणाति (krīṇāti); cf. क्र्यादिभ्यः श्ना (kryādibhyaḥ śnā). P.III.1.81. श्ना (śnā) is added optionally with श्नुः (śnuḥ) (नु (nu)) to the roots स्तम्भ्, स्तुम्भ्, स्कम्भ्, स्कुम्भ् (stambh, stumbh, skambh, skumbh) and स्कु (sku). e.g.स्तभ्नाति, स्तभ्नोति, स्कुभ्नाति, स्कुभ्नोति (stabhnāti, stabhnoti, skubhnāti, skubhnoti) etc ; cf. P.III.1.82.

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Sna (स्न).—tad. affix स्न (sna) added optionally with स (sa),to the word मृद् (mṛd) in the sense of praiseworthy; c. g. मृत्स्ना (mṛtsnā) also मृत्सा (mṛtsā); cf. सस्नौ प्रशंसायाम् । (sasnau praśaṃsāyām |) P.V.4.40.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ṣṇā (ष्णा).—n The web ṣṇā m Lynx woven by the spider.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śna (श्न).—A technical term used by Pāṇini for न (na), the sign of the 7th class of roots.

Derivable forms: śnam (श्नम्).

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Śnā (श्ना).—A technical term used by Pāṇini for ना (), the sign of the 9th class of roots.

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Snā (स्ना).—2 P. (snāti, snāta)

1) To bathe, perform ablution; सस्नुः पयः पपुरनोनिजुरम्बराणि (sasnuḥ payaḥ papuranonijurambarāṇi) Śiśupālavadha 5.28; मृगतृष्णाम्भसि स्नातः (mṛgatṛṣṇāmbhasi snātaḥ).

2) To perform the ceremony of bathing at the time of leaving the house of one's spiritual preceptor.

3) To smear oneself with. -Caus. (snāpayati-te, snapayati-te)

1) To cause to bathe, wet, moisten, sprinkle; (toyaiḥ) सतूर्यमेनां स्नपयाम्बभूवुः (satūryamenāṃ snapayāmbabhūvuḥ) Kumārasambhava 7.1; स्मितस्नपिताधरा (smitasnapitādharā) Gītagovinda 12; Uttararāmacarita 3.23; Kirātārjunīya 5.44,47; Śiśupālavadha 2.7; Meghadūta 45.

2) To steep or soak in.

3) To weep for. -Desid. (sisnāsati) To wish to bathe. -With अप (apa) to bathe after mourning. -नि (ni) to plunge deep into; i. e. to be perfect or thorou ghly versed in; see निष्णात (niṣṇāta); कुतोऽपत्यस्नेहः कुटिलनयनिष्णात- मनसाम् (kuto'patyasnehaḥ kuṭilanayaniṣṇāta- manasām) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 2.7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣṇā (ष्णा).—r. 2nd cl. (snāti) To bathe, to purify by ablution. With apa, To bathe after mourning. With ni, To be skilled in.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snā (स्ना).—ii. 2, [Parasmaipada.] (in epic poetry also [Ātmanepada.], Mahābhārata 3, 7072), 1. To bathe, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 82; anomal. potent. snāyīta, Mahābhārata 3, 7072. 2. To perform the ceremony of bathing when leaving the house of one’s spiritual preceptor, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 245. snāta, 1. Bathed, having bathed, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 391; [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 188, 20. 2. Purified, [Mahāvīracharita, (ed. Trithen.)] 77, 2; pure. m. (One whose spiritual instruction is finished, see 2.), an initiated householder. Comp. Mṛta-, adj. 1. bathed after mourning. 2. dying immediately after ablution. Su-, I. adj. very clean, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 24, 4. Ii. m. a student who has performed his ablutions preparatory or subsequent to a sacrifice. [Causal.] snāpaya, 1. To wash, to cleanse, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 200, 7 (ā); [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 44 (ă). 2. To weep for (?), [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 69, 1 (ă). snapita, 1. Bathed, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 60, 10. 2. Moistened, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 44; 47.

— With apa apa, apasnāta, Bathed after mourning, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 42, 22.

— With ni ni, niṣṇāta, 1. Perfect, superior. 2. Learned, Mahābhārata 1, 3988; skilful, conversant, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 65, 18. 3. Given to, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 37, 3. 4. (In law), Agreed upon, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 174, 13. ati-niṣṇāta, Very conversant, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 190, 19.

— With prati prati, 1. pratisnāta, Bathed. 2. pratiṣṇāta, Pure. Comp. Su-prati- ṣṇāta, adj. certain.

— Cf. [Latin] nare; [Gothic.] nadr; A. S. naeddre, nedre; [Old High German.] naco; see nau.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snā (स्ना).—snāti (snāyate), [participle] snāta (q.v.) bathe, perform ablution ([especially] at the end of religious studentship or of a vow), smear or anoint one’s self with ([instrumental]). [Causative] snapayati or snapayati cause to bathe, wet, dip in ([locative]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śnā (श्ना):—(in gram.) a technical term for the affix (the characteristic sign of the 9th class of verbs).

2) Sna (स्न):—a snapana See below.

3) Snā (स्ना):—1. snā (cf.snu) [class] 2. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxiv, 44]) snāti [class] 4. [Parasmaipada] ([Nirukta, by Yāska vii, 12]) snāyati ([Epic] also [Ātmanepada] snāyate [Potential] snāyāt; [Epic] also snāyīta; [perfect tense] sasnau, 3. [plural] sasnuḥ, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]; [future] snātā [grammar]; snāsyati, te, [Mahābhārata] etc.; [Aorist] asnāsīt [grammar]; Prec. snāyāt cf. above or sneyāt, [ib.]; [infinitive mood] snātum, [Brāhmaṇa] etc.; [indeclinable participle] snātvā, -snāya, [Ṛg-veda] etc.; [Vedic or Veda] also snātvī, [Pāṇini 7-1, 49]),

—to bathe, perform the ceremony of bathing or certain prescribed oblations ([especially] on returning home from the house of a religious preceptor, or on concluding certain vows etc., also with avabhṛtham), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

—to smear one’s self with ([instrumental case]), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha] :—[Passive voice] snāyate ([Aorist] asnāyi [impersonal or used impersonally]), [Rājataraṅgiṇī] :—[Causal] snāpayati or snapayati, (with [preposition] only snāp), to cause to bathe, wash, cleanse, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.;

—to wash away, [Atharva-veda x, 1, 9];

—to steep or soak in ([locative case]), [Bhāvaprakāśa];

—to bathe with tears, weep for (?), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary] :—[Desiderative] sisnāsati, [Pāṇini 8-3, 61] (but cf. siṣṇāsu) :—[Intensive] sāsnāyate, sāsnāti, sāsneti [grammar]

4) cf. [Greek] νάω, νᾶμα; [Latin] nare.

5) Sna (स्न):—[from snā] b See nadī-ṣṇa.

6) Snā (स्ना):—2. snā (or ṣṇā) mfn. bathing, bathed or immersed in (cf. ghṛta-, su-snā etc.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣṇā (ष्णा):—(la) snāti 2. d. To bathe, purify by ablution.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Snā (स्ना) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Abbhutta, Jhilla, Ṇhā, Ṇhāṇa, Siṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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