Shmashru, Śmaśru, Smashru: 16 definitions


Shmashru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śmaśru can be transliterated into English as Smasru or Shmashru, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shamsru.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Natya Shastra

Śmaśru (श्मश्रु, “beard”).—After painting the face and other limbs according to the rules one should provide beard to persons after considering their habitation, profession and religious rites.

The beard (śmaśru) according to the change of conditions of persons should be of four kinds:

  1. white (śuddha),
  2. black (śyāma),
  3. smartly done (vicitra),
  4. bushy (romaśa, lit. hairy).
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Śmaśru (श्मश्रु) refers to the “beard”, and is mentioned in verse 2.30 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “one shall follow a middle course in all (religious and profane) matters.—One’s hair [viz., roman], nails, and beard (shall be) short, one’s feet and secretory paths not dirty”.

Note: Roman, strictly speaking, denotes the short hair on the body (Tibetan: spu; a fine example is the following kha-spu, lit. “face-hair”, which stands for śmaśru, “beard”), whereas keśa signifies the long hair of the head (Tibetan: skra). This differentiation, though neglected in the original, has been re-established by the Tibetans.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shmashru in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śmaśru (श्मश्रु) refers to a “moustache”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.36 (“The statements of the seven sages”).—Accordingly, after the Seven Sages spoke to Himavat (Himācala): “[...] The great chaste lady Arundhatī tempted Menā further with Śiva’s good qualities. According to the worldly convention they smeared the moustache of the mountain (śaila-śmaśru) with powdered turmeric and saffron as an auspicious custom. After fixing the auspicious Lagna for the marriage and congratulating and complimenting one another the sages came to Śiva’s abode on the fourth day. After reaching the place, Vasiṣṭha and other sages bowed to Śiva and eulogised Him with different hymns. They then spoke to lord Śiva”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Śmaśru (श्मश्रु) in the Rigveda and later means ‘beard’ and ‘moustache’, being sometimes contrasted with Keśa, ‘hair of the head’. Shaving was known (see Vaptṛ and Kṣura). The wearing of a beard was a sign of manhood according to the Taittirīya-saṃhitā.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śmaśru (श्मश्रु).—n f (S) Hair of the chin, lips, and cheeks, viz. the beard, whiskers, and mustaches. 2 f (Popularly.) Shaving.

--- OR ---

smaśru (स्मश्रु).—&c. Common mis-spellings of śmaśāna &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śmaśru (श्मश्रु).—n f Hair of the chin, lips and cheeks. f Shaving.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śmaśru (श्मश्रु).—n. [śma mukhaṃ śrūyate lakṣyate'nena śru-ṅu; Uṇādi-sūtra 5.28] The beard, moustache; हिरण्यश्मश्रुर्हिरण्यकेशः (hiraṇyaśmaśrurhiraṇyakeśaḥ) Ch. Up.1.6.6; ज्योतिष्कणाहतश्मश्रु कण्ठनालादपातयत् (jyotiṣkaṇāhataśmaśru kaṇṭhanālādapātayat) R.15.52.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śmaśru (श्मश्रु).—n. (-śru) The beard. E. śman for mukha the face, śri to serve, Unadi aff. ḍan, form irr.; or śma puṃmukhaṃ śrūyate lakṣyate'nena śru-ḍu; also śmaśrun .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śmaśru (श्मश्रु).—n. The beard, [Pañcatantra] 182, 10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śmaśru (श्मश्रु).—[neuter] beard, [especially] moustaches.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śmaśru (श्मश्रु):—n. (of unknown derivation, but cf. śman)

2) the beard, ([especially]) moustache, the hairs of the beard ([plural]), [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

3) cf. [Lithuanian] smakrá; [according to] to some also [Latin] maxilla.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śmaśru (श्मश्रु):—(śru) 2. n. The beard.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śmaśru (श्मश्रु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Maṃsu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shmashru in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shmashru in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Śmaśru (श्मश्रु) [Also spelled shamsru]:—(nm) beard and moustache.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śmaśru (ಶ್ಮಶ್ರು):—

1) [noun] the hair growing on the upper lip on adult man, allowed to grow without shaving, and often trimmed in any of various shapes; the moustache.

2) [noun] the growth of hair on the face of an adult man; the beard.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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