Shleshman, Śleṣman: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Shleshman means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śleṣman can be transliterated into English as Slesman or Shleshman, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Shleshman in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śleṣman (श्लेष्मन्) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “phlegm” or “mucus”, and refers to one of the three doṣas. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The literal translation of Śleṣman is “band, cord” or “lime, glue” and can refer to “that with which parts of a thing are joined together”. The word is derived from the Sanskrit ślis, meaning ‘join’.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Śleṣman (श्लेष्मन्) (=kapha):—The word ‘śleṣman’ is derived from the verb-root ‘śliṣa’ meaning ‘to embrace’ thus uniting, healing etc. are the basic functions of kapha. Unction, binding, to provide furmness, heaviness, virility and strength in the body, forbearance, patience and absence of greed are the normal functions of kapha.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Śleṣman (श्लेष्मन्) refers to “phlegm”, as mentioned in verse 5.17 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] hot (water is) promotive (and) causative of digestion, conducive to the throat, light (on the stomach, and) purgative of the bladder; it is commended for hiccup, inflation, wind, phlegm [viz., śleṣman], a recently purged (man), new fever, cough, indigestion, catarrh, dyspnea, and pain in the costal region”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Shleshman in Arts glossary
Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Śleṣman (श्लेष्मन्) refers to the “phlegm” (of hawks), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the treatment of hawks]: “Inflammation is produced in the face or in the eyes owing to irregularity in food or drink, or to bile; when the swelling suppurates the case becomes hard to deal with. If the disease is caused by the excess of phlegm (śleṣman-ādhikya), it becomes difficult to cure. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Shleshman in Hinduism glossary
Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Śleṣman (श्लेष्मन्) means generally that with which parts of a thing are joined together (from śliṣ, ‘join’): with reference to a hide, ‘laces’ of some sort may be intended; to a chariot, ‘bonds’ or ‘cords’ are probably meant; and to wood, ‘glue’ is perhaps the sense.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Shleshman in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Śleṣman (श्लेष्मन्, “phlegm”) (Pali, Samha) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., śleṣman]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

2) Śleṣman (श्लेष्मन्) refers to “spit”, according Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XLVI).—There are also Pretas who emit fire from their mouth (ulkāmukha): flying butterflies throw themselves into this fire, and the Pretas eat them. There are also Pretas who eat excrement (gūtha), spit (śleṣman), pus and blood (pūyaśoṇita), the water from laundry, who feed on oblations (śraddhabhoktṛ) or who devour the afterbirth (garbhamalāhāra). There are all kinds of starving Pretas of this kind.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shleshman in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śleṣman (श्लेष्मन्).—m. [śliṣ-manin Uṇādi-sūtra 4.157]

1) Phlegmatic humour; गुडेन वर्धितः श्लेष्मा सुखं वृद्ध्या निपात्यते (guḍena vardhitaḥ śleṣmā sukhaṃ vṛddhyā nipātyate) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3.62.

2) Mucus (of the eye); स सुप्त इव चाण्डालः श्लेष्मापिहितलोचनः (sa supta iva cāṇḍālaḥ śleṣmāpihitalocanaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.141.44. -n. A band, cord.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śleṣman (श्लेष्मन्).—m.

(-ṣmā) The phlegmatic humour, one of the three principal humours or fluids of the body. E. śliṣ to embrace or adhere to, (the body,) aff. manin .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śleṣman (श्लेष्मन्).—i. e. śliṣ + man, m. The phlegmatic humour, mucus, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 132; [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 60.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śleṣman (श्लेष्मन्).—[masculine] adhesive substance, slime, phlegm; [neuter] band, string.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śleṣman (श्लेष्मन्):—[from śliṣ] m. phlegm, mucus, rheum, the phlegmatic humour (one of the three humours of the body = kapha; See dhātu), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Yājñavalkya; Suśruta; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] n. a band, cord, string, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Kāṭhaka]

3) [v.s. ...] lime, glue etc., [Āpastamba]

4) [v.s. ...] the fruit of Cordia Latifolia, [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra] ([Scholiast or Commentator])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śleṣman (श्लेष्मन्):—(ṣmā) m. 5. Phlegmatic humour.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śleṣman (श्लेष्मन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Khela, Siṃbha, Silimha, Semha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shleshman in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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