Shivadharma, Śivadharma, Shiva-dharma: 5 definitions



Shivadharma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śivadharma can be transliterated into English as Sivadharma or Shivadharma, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Shivadharma in Shaivism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Śivadharma (शिवधर्म) refers to rules or duties prescribed for the king, according to the Śaivāgamas.—Apart from the royal rituals, the āgama prescribes several duties for the king. This is called ālayadharma or śivadharma. First of these has to do with preserving the sanctity of the temple. The king then had to preserve the ritualistic tradition of the temple. Another important aspect is providing material resources for the functioning of the temple. Fourth, the king had to maintain and preserve the temple structure and precincts. Finally, the king had to ensure the collection and distribution of the temple ‘rights’ (including land tenancy, grain allowance, daily naivedya, etc.) among those who are eligible for the same.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shivadharma in Purana glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Śivadharma (शिवधर्म) is described in the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—In the third chapter Śivadharma is described by Āditya to Manu. In this context the legend of Sudyumna is narrated.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shivadharma in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Śivadharma (शिवधर्म) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—from the Nandikeśvarasaṃhitā. Kāṭm. 1. Oudh. Xi, 6. Burnell. 138^b. Oppert. 6237. Ii, 5277. 7798. Śivadharmakhaṇḍa. Oppert. 7018. Quoted by Hemādri, by Mādhavācārya Oxf. 271^a, by Raghunandana and Kamalākara, in Śāktānandataraṅgiṇī Oxf. 104^a.

2) Śivadharma (शिवधर्म):—ibid.

3) Śivadharma (शिवधर्म):—in 12 chapters. Adyar Libr. 47.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śivadharma (शिवधर्म):—[=śiva-dharma] [from śiva] n. Name of a [chapter] of the Nandikeśvara-saṃhitā

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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