Shivabrahmana, Shiva-Brahmana, Śivabrāhmaṇa: 3 definitions


Shivabrahmana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śivabrāhmaṇa can be transliterated into English as Sivabrahmana or Shivabrahmana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shivabrahmana in Shaivism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Śivabrāhmaṇa (शिवब्राह्मण) performed temple worship according to [medieval] temple inscriptions and Śaivāgamas.—It appears from epigraphical sources that administration of medieval temples was close to the āgamic injunctions. [...] Temple worship is seen to be performed by “Śivabrāhmaṇa”, a term occurring very frequently in the inscriptions. They are assisted by the “Paricāraka” who are also Śivabrāhmaṇa.

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context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geogprahy

[«previous (S) next»] — Shivabrahmana in India history glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Śiva-Brāhmaṇa.—(EI 25; SITI), a Śaiva Brāhmaṇa; the priest of a Śiva temple; also called Ādi-śaiva. Note: śiva-brāhmaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas (history)

Śivabrāhmaṇa (शिवब्राह्मण) or Śivācārya refers to Ādiśaiva priests also known as Ācārya.—The priest scholars in the field were Śivācāryas of famous maṭh lineages. There were experts in all four paths covered by the Āgamas, namely carya, kriya, yoga and jñāna. Within the temple milieu, there were specialists in various types of ritual—alaṃkāra, abhiṣeka, utsava, and so on. The Śivācāryas were fluent in both Sanskrit and Tamil and frequently composed scholarly works in both languages. Several of the canonical works in Tamil were composed by Aruḷnandi Śivācārya and Umāpati Śivācārya and Kacciappa Śivācārya. The celebrated paddhatis on the Āgamas are composed by Śivācāryas.

The Ācāryas also had to perform additional services according to the endowments of individual devotees. There are numerous epigraphical records of such transactions where the donor makes an endowment in cash or kind to the temple, and leaves it either in the care of the Śivabrāhmaṇa who then invested it or entered into a back contract with a supplier or directly enters into a contract with a supplier to regularly supply the material required for the special service as required. In either case, the śivabrāhmaṇa had to carry out the special service for the donor, using the material provided.

The Śivabrāhmaṇa also made endowments to be managed by other Śivabrāhmaṇa of the temple. A distinction is made here between the Śivabrāhmaṇa and the Kāṇi-uḍaiya Śivabrāhmaṇa. It can also be inferred from epigraphical evidence that in many cases, the Śivabrāhmaṇa were also in charge of overall administration of the temple. The endowments made for repair and maintenance work were also left in charge of the Śivabrāhmaṇa.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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