Shitamshu, Śītaṃśu, Śītāṃśu, Shita-amshu, Sitamshu, Sitāṃśu, Sita-amshu: 12 definitions


Shitamshu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śītaṃśu and Śītāṃśu and Sitāṃśu can be transliterated into English as Sitamsu or Shitamshu or Sitamshu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shitamshu in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Śītaṃśu (शीतंशु).—A son of Atri born of his tejas in tapas; fell down on the earth landed by the seven mind-born sons of Prajāpatis; Brahmā supplied him with a chariot yoked with a thousand white horses; the lustre spread in 21 ways in the earth; the vegetation became ever green and the nourisher of men; anointed Rājarāṭ by Brahmā in the kingdom of seeds, vegetation, Brahmans and waters; the 27 daughters of Dakṣa, known as nakṣatras given in marriage to; performed Rājasūya; for this Hiraṇyagarbha was Udgāta, Brahmā, Brahmī and Sadasya was Nārāyaṇa Hari; attended by Sanatkumāra and other sages; Dakṣiṇa was three worlds; he was served by nine devīs Sinī, Kūhū and others; got the title of Rājarājendra; in his pride seized forcibly the consort Tārā of Bṛhaspati to censure the sons of Angiras; in spite of request from the devas he did not yield; Tārakāmaya battle helped by Śukra and Rudra; Brahmā intervened and Tārā was returned to Bṛhaspati; she was pregnant and brought forth a son named Budha; struck by consumption, invoked Atri's help, got rid of the disease and became resplendent and the originator of a great dynasty.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 90. 1-49.

2) Śītāṃśu (शीतांशु).—An attribute of the Moon; taken up from the milk ocean by Maheśvara.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 9. 97.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Shitamshu in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Śītāṃśu (शीतांशु) refers to the “moon”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 4), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If Saturn should be eclipsed by the lunar [i.e., śītāṃśu] disc, the ministers of Yaudheya, the Kauravas, the Arjunāyanas as well as the men of the eastern countries will suffer miseries for ten months. If Mercury should be so eclipsed the men of Magadha, of Mathurā and those on the banks of the river Veṇa will suffer miseries while the rest of the land will enjoy the happiness of Kṛtayuga”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

Śītāṃśu (शीतांशु) represents the number 1 (one) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 1—śītāṃśu] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Śītāṃśu.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘one’. Note: śītāṃśu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Shitamshu in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Sitamsu in India is the name of a plant defined with Cinnamomum camphora in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Camphora officinarum var. glaucescens A. Braun (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of the College of Science, Imperial University of Tokyo (1906)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1864)
· Journal of Wuhan Botanical Research (1998)
· Feddes Repertorium (1912)
· Icones plantarum formosanarum nec non et contributiones ad floram formosanam. (1913)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Sitamsu, for example diet and recipes, chemical composition, side effects, extract dosage, health benefits, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shitamshu in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śītāṃśu (शीतांशु).—

1) the moon; वक्त्रेन्दौ तव सत्ययं यदपरः शीतांशुरुज्जृम्भते (vaktrendau tava satyayaṃ yadaparaḥ śītāṃśurujjṛmbhate) K. P.1.

2) camphor.

Derivable forms: śītāṃśuḥ (शीतांशुः).

Śītāṃśu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śīta and aṃśu (अंशु).

--- OR ---

Sitāṃśu (सितांशु).—= सितकर (sitakara) q. v.; सितांशुवर्णैर्वयति सम तद्गुणैः (sitāṃśuvarṇairvayati sama tadguṇaiḥ) N.1.12.

Sitāṃśu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sita and aṃśu (अंशु).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śītāṃśu (शीतांशु).—m.

(-śuḥ) 1. Camphor. 2. The moon. E. śīta cold, aṃśu a ray.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śītāṃśu (शीतांशु).—[adjective] cold-rayed; [masculine] the moon (also mant [masculine]).

--- OR ---

Sitāṃśu (सितांशु).—[masculine] = sitakara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śītāṃśu (शीतांशु):—[from śīta] mfn. c°-rayed (-tā, f.; -tva n.), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. the moon, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] camphor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Sitāṃśu (सितांशु):—[from sita] m. ‘wh°-rayed’, the moon, [Bhartṛhari; Kuvalayānanda]

5) [v.s. ...] camphor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śītāṃśu (शीतांशु):—(śuḥ) 1. m. Camphor; the moon.

2) Sitāṃśu (सितांशु):—(śuḥ) 2. m. The moon.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shitamshu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shitamshu in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śītāṃśu (ಶೀತಾಂಶು):—[noun] = ಶೀತಕಿರಣ [shitakirana].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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