Shishunaga, Śiśunāga, Shishu-naga: 9 definitions



Shishunaga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śiśunāga can be transliterated into English as Sisunaga or Shishunaga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shishunaga in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śiśunāga (शिशुनाग).—The first King of the Śiśunāga dynasty. He founded the dynasty after defeating Nandivardhana of Pradyota family, King of Magadha. Though he first belonged to Kāśī region, later on he settled down in Magadha. Kākavarṇa was Śiśunāga’s son.

The following ten Kings of Śiśunāga dynasty ruled the country for 360 years. (1) Kākavarṇa (2) Kṣemadharmā (3) Kṣemajit (4) Vindhyasena (5) Bhūmimitra (6) Ajātaśatru (7) Vaṃśaka (8) Udāsī (9) Nandivardhana (10) Mahānandi. (Matsya Purāṇa, 272, 6-17; Vāyu Purāṇa 99. 314-315).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śiśunāga (शिशुनाग).—The father of Kākavarṇa; became ruler after rooting out the Pradyotas; ruled for 40 years at Benares.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 5; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 127-8.

1b) Ten in number commencing with Śiśunāga, and ending with Mahānandi; these ruled for 360 years.1 These are Kṣatrabandhus and contemporaries of Ikṣvākus, Pāñcalas, Kālakas, Haihayas, Ekalingas, Śakas, Kuravas, Maithilas, Sūrasenas, Vītihotras.^2 (See also Śiśunāka).

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 7; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 127-35.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Shishunaga in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Śiśunāga (शिशुनाग) is the name of an important person (viz., an Ācārya or Kavi) mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—A king probably he founded the Śiśunāga dynasty in Varanasi.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Shishunaga in Buddhism glossary
Source: The Chronological History of Buddhism

Puranas unambiguously inform us that the Sisunaga dynasty (2077-1715 BC) was an independent dynasty and it had no connection with Ikshvaku dynasty. Moreover, Puranas record that there will reign 24 kings of Ikshvaku, 27 kings of Panchala, 24 kings of Kasi, 28 kings of Haihaya, 32 kings of Kalinga, 25 kings of Ashmaka, 36 kings of Kaurava, 28 kings of Mithila, 23 kings of Shaurasena and 20 kings of Vitihotras simultaneously with the kings of Sisunaga dynasty. Evidently, many kingdoms were parallelly existed during the reign of the Sisunaga dynasty.

Puranas tell us that Sisunaga, the king of Kasi conquered Magadha during the reign of king Nandivardhana of Pradyota dynasty and founded the Sisunaga dynasty in 2077 BCE. It appears that Bimbisara’s father or grandfather annexed the city of Rajagriha from Sisunagas.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shishunaga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śiśunāga (शिशुनाग).—

1) a young elephant.

2) a young snake.

Derivable forms: śiśunāgaḥ (शिशुनागः).

Śiśunāga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śiśu and nāga (नाग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śiśunāga (शिशुनाग).—m. a kind of Rākṣasa or demon, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 76, 28.

Śiśunāga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śiśu and nāga (नाग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śiśunāga (शिशुनाग).—[masculine] a young snake.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śiśunāga (शिशुनाग):—[=śiśu-nāga] [from śiśu] m. a young snake, [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] a young elephant, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of Rākṣasa or demon, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a king of Magadha ([plural] his descendants), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa] ([varia lectio] -nāka).

[Sanskrit to German]

Shishunaga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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