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Shishumara, aka: Śiśumāra; 3 Definition(s)


Shishumara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śiśumāra can be transliterated into English as Sisumara or Shishumara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism


1a) Śiśumāra (शिशुमार).—A Prajāpati; father of Bhrami and father-in-law of Dhruva.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 10. 11.

1b) The form of the system of heavenly bodies supposed to be yoga power of Hari. At the end of the tail is Dhruva and on the tail are other gods like Indra, Agni, Kaśyapa; on its back lies the Ajavīthi and on the stomach the Ganges. Similarly all constellations and planets are seen on the different limbs of its body;1 described.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 2. 24; V. 23. 4-8; VI. 6. 14; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 85. II. 23. 99; Matsya-purāṇa 125. 5-9; 127. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 101; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 12. 29, 34.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 128. 19-25.

1c) Is Tārāmaya; the eternal deity; Uttānapāda is the upper jaw, Yajña is the lower lip, Dharma is the head, heart is Nārāyaṇa, Sādhya and Aśvins front feet, Varuṇa and Aryama is the hind feet, the samvatsara, child; Mitra is Apāna; tail is Agni, Mahendra, Marīci and Kaśyapa and Dhruva; all the planets are centred in Dhruva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 90-9; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 9. 23-4.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Āyurveda (science of life)

Śiśumāra (शिशुमार) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “estuarine crocodile”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Śiśumāra is part of the sub-group named Vāriśaya, refering to animals “living in waters”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śiśumāra (शिशुमार)—Sanskrit word for an animal “porpoise” (dolphin) or “crocodile” (Planista gangetica). This animal is from the group called Pādin (‘those which have feet’). Pādin itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Auttānapāda (औत्तानपाद).—On the left cheek of Śiśumāra.** Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 102.
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Search found 11 books containing Shishumara or Śiśumāra. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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