Shikshavrata, Śikṣāvrata, Shiksha-vrata: 2 definitions
Shikshavrata means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Śikṣāvrata can be transliterated into English as Siksavrata or Shikshavrata, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Śikṣāvrata (शिक्षाव्रत) refers to the “four disciplinary-vows” and forms part of the deśavirati (good conduct), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly, in the sermon of Sūri Dharmaghoṣa:—“[...] good conduct is defined as the rejection of sinful activities. It is twofold: partial (deśavirati) and total (sarvavirati). [...] The five lesser vows (aṇuvrata), the three meritorious vows (guṇavrata), the four disciplinary-vows (śikṣāvrata) are considered the twelve-fold partial rejection. [...] The four ‘disciplinary vows’ [viz., śikṣāvrata] are tranquillity, limitation to one place, fasting, and living like a monk, the distribution of alms”.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows
Śikṣāvrata (शिक्षाव्रत) refers to the four “teaching vows” and forms part of the seven supplementary vows (śīlavrata) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.21.—Periodical contemplation (sāmāyika), fasting at regular intervals (prosadhopavāsa-vrata), limiting consumable and non consumable things (upabhoga-paribhoga-parimāṇa-vrata), and partaking food after feeding the ascetics (athithisaṃvibhāga-vrata) are the four śikṣāvrata. What is meant by teaching vows (śikṣāvrata)? These are the vows which teach the ascetic way of life to the votary householders.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+3): Vrata, Mulaguna, Samayika, Atithisamvibhaga, Samayikavrata, Shravaka, Bhogopabhogavrata, Proshadhopavasa, Shilavrata, Deshavakashikavrata, Vratapratima, Poshadhavrata, Deshavakashika, Prosadhopavasavrata, Poshadha, Upabhogaparibhogaparimāṇa, Anuvrata, Uttaraguna, Atithisamvibhagavrata, Deshavirati.
Search found 1 books and stories containing Shikshavrata, Śikṣāvrata, Shiksha-vrata, Śikṣā-vrata, Siksavrata, Siksa-vrata; (plurals include: Shikshavratas, Śikṣāvratas, vratas, Siksavratas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 3: The sermon of Sūri Dharmaghoṣa < [Chapter I]
Part 14: Ṛṣabha’s sermon < [Chapter III]