Shikshavrata, Śikṣāvrata, Shiksha-vrata: 3 definitions



Shikshavrata means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śikṣāvrata can be transliterated into English as Siksavrata or Shikshavrata, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Shikshavrata in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Śikṣāvrata (शिक्षाव्रत) refers to the “four disciplinary-vows” and forms part of the deśavirati (good conduct), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, in the sermon of Sūri Dharmaghoṣa:—“[...] good conduct is defined as the rejection of sinful activities. It is twofold: partial (deśavirati) and total (sarvavirati). [...] The five lesser vows (aṇuvrata), the three meritorious vows (guṇavrata), the four disciplinary-vows (śikṣāvrata) are considered the twelve-fold partial rejection. [...] The four ‘disciplinary vows’ [viz., śikṣāvrata] are tranquillity, limitation to one place, fasting, and living like a monk, the distribution of alms”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Śikṣāvrata (शिक्षाव्रत) refers to the four “teaching vows” and forms part of the seven supplementary vows (śīlavrata) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.21.—Periodical contemplation (sāmāyika), fasting at regular intervals (prosadhopavāsa-vrata), limiting consumable and non consumable things (upabhoga-paribhoga-parimāṇa-vrata), and partaking food after feeding the ascetics (athithisaṃvibhāga-vrata) are the four śikṣāvrata. What is meant by teaching vows (śikṣāvrata)? These are the vows which teach the ascetic way of life to the votary householders.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shikshavrata in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śikṣāvrata (ಶಿಕ್ಷಾವ್ರತ):—[noun] (jain.) a moral precept a jaina house-holder has to follow.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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