Sheshavat, Śeṣavat: 3 definitions


Sheshavat means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śeṣavat can be transliterated into English as Sesavat or Sheshavat, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sheshavat in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Śeṣavat (शेषवत्) refers to one of the three divisions of anumāna (inference), according to Gautama’s 2nd-century Nyāyasūtra (verse 1.1.5). Anumāna is the second of the four “means of valid knowledge” (pramāṇa), which in turn is classified as the first of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”). The first two types of anumāna [viz., pūrvavat and śeṣavat] are based on causation and the last one is on mere co-existence. When past rain is inferred from the swift muddy flooded water of a river, that is called śeṣavat inference.

Nyaya book cover
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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In Buddhism

Buddhist philosophy

Source: Google Books: A History of Indian Logic (Buddhist Philosophy)

Śeṣavat (शेषवत्) refers to the “a posteriori” type of inference (anumāna) (within a debate), according to Upāyakauśalyahṛdaya, an ancient work on the art of debate composed by Bodhisattva Nāgārjuna.— The three kinds of Inference (anumāna) and respective examples are: (1) a priori (pūrvavat) [“on seeing a cloud one infers that there will be rain”], (2) a posteriori (śeṣavat) [“on seeing a swollen river one infers that there was rain”] and (3) commonly seen (sāmānyatodṛṣṭa) [“on seeing a man move from one place to another, one infers that the sun, who rises in the east and sets in the west, must have moved”].

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sheshavat in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śeṣavat (शेषवत्):—[=śeṣa-vat] [from śeṣa] mfn. left alive, spared, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] characterized by an effect or result (sometimes applied in logic to a posteriori reasoning), [Nyāyasūtra]

3) [v.s. ...] n. an argument from effect to cause (one of three kinds of anumāna or inference, the other two being pūrva-vat and sāmānyato-dṛṣṭa).

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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