Shephalika, Śephālikā, Sephālikā, Sephalika: 13 definitions
Shephalika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Śephālikā can be transliterated into English as Sephalika or Shephalika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Ayurveda (science of life)
Śephālikā (शेफालिका) is a Sanskrit word referring to Nyctanthes arbor-tristis (“night-flowering jasmine”) from the Oleaceae family. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā or the Suśrutasaṃhitā. It is a large shrub (or a small tree) growing up to 10 meters in heighth. It has fragrant white flowers with orange corolla. It grows all over India up to 1500m elevation. It is also cultivated in gardens.
According to the Amarakośa, the plant has the following synonyms: Suvahā, Nirguṇḍī, and Nīlikā. The Amarakośa is a 4th century Sanskrit botanical thesaurus authored by Amarasiṃha.Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Śephālikā (शेफालिका) [in Sanskrit and Hindi] is another name for Śephālī, a medicinal plant identified with Nyctanthes arbor-tristis (or ‘night-flowering jasmine’) from the Oleaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.155-156 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Śephālikā and Śephālī, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Śephalikā (शेफलिका) in Sanskrit refers to a tree Vitex negundo (with small purple flowers), as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—(Roxburgh 1874 p. 481).
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
General definition (in Jainism)
Śephālikā (शेफालिका) refers to the Nyctanthes arbor-tristis, the night-flowering jasmine. Materia Medica (Dutt), p. 189, says its flowers “open at sunset, and before morning strew the ground thickly with their fallen corollas”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Biology (plants and animals)
1) Sephalika in India is the name of a plant defined with Nyctanthes arbor-tristis in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Parilium arbor-tristis Gaertn. (among others).
2) Sephalika is also identified with Vitex negundo It has the synonym Vitex nogondo L. ap. Bojer (etc.).
3) Sephalika is also identified with Vitex trifolia It has the synonym Vitex trifolia var. variegata Moldenke (etc.).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Phytologia (1949)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Ceiba (2003)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1847)
· Phytologia (1961)
· Hortus Mauritianus (1837)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Sephalika, for example diet and recipes, chemical composition, health benefits, side effects, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
sephālikā : (f.) a plant producing fragrant flowers.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Śephālikā (शेफालिका).—f. A kind of plant; शेफालिकाकुसुमगन्धमनोहराणि (śephālikākusumagandhamanoharāṇi) Ṛtusaṃhāra 3.14.
See also (synonyms): śephāli.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kā) A flower, (Nyctanthes arbor-tristis.) E. śephā sleeping, from śī with pha aff., ali a bee, fem. aff. ṅīṣ, kap added; also śephāli .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śephālikā (शेफालिका).—[feminine] a kind of plant.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śephālikā (शेफालिका):—[from śepāla] f. idem, [Suśruta; Ṛtusaṃhāra etc.] ([according to] to some also ‘the fruit of the above tree’; [according to] to others ‘Nyctanthes Arbor Tristis’).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śephālikā (शेफालिका):—(kā) 1. f. Idem.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Śephālikā (शेफालिका) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sebhāliā.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with: Svarnashephalika.
Full-text: Shiphalika, Svarnashephalika, Shephali, Badariphala, Atyuha, Vatari, Sebhalia, Svarnashiphalika, Suvaha, Nirgundi, Nilika, Bhutakesha, Anushastra, Harsingar, Nilaka, Aparajita, Surasa, Vijaya.
Search found 14 books and stories containing Shephalika, Śephālikā, Sephālikā, Sephalika; (plurals include: Shephalikas, Śephālikās, Sephālikās, Sephalikas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara (Study) (by Debabrata Barai)
Part 7.4 - Poetic conventions regarding to the Trees, Plants and Creepers < [Chapter 5 - Analyasis and Interpretations of the Kāvyamīmāṃsā]
Part 7.3 - Classifications of Kavisamaya (poetic conventions) < [Chapter 5 - Analyasis and Interpretations of the Kāvyamīmāṃsā]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 3 - Treatment for enlargement of spleen and liver (2): Pliharnava rasa < [Chapter VII - Enlargement of spleen (plihodara) and liver (yakridudara)]
Treatment for fever (11): Bhudeva-ranjana rasa < [Chapter II - Fever (jvara)]
Amarakoshodghatana of Kshirasvamin (study) (by A. Yamuna Devi)
Flora (6): Creepers < [Chapter 5 - Aspects of Nature]
Appendix III - Synonyms of Flora (Vanauṣadhi-varga)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 3: Birth of Candraprabha < [Chapter VI - Candraprabhacaritra]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 1: Sutrasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Cosmetics, Costumes and Ornaments in Ancient India (by Remadevi. O.)
1.3. Materials: Flowers < [Chapter 3 - Ornaments]